By Simon Johnson
Inspite of its key function in developing the ruinous monetary problem of 2008, the yank banking has grown larger, extra ecocnomic, and extra immune to law than ever. Anchored through six megabanks whose resources volume to greater than 60 percentage of the country’s gross family product, this oligarchy proved it will probably first carry the worldwide financial system hostage after which use its political muscle to struggle off significant reform. 13 Bankers brilliantly charts the increase to strength of the monetary region and forcefully argues that we needs to get a divorce the massive banks if we wish to stay away from destiny monetary catastrophes.
Updated, with extra research of the government’s fresh try to reform the banking undefined, it is a well timed and professional account of our bothered political economic system.
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Additional resources for 13 Bankers: The Wall Street Takeover and the Next Financial Meltdown (Vintage)
15 In 1999, the President’s Working Group on Financial Markets—including Summers, Greenspan, SEC chair Arthur Levitt, and new CFTC chair William Rainer—recommended that custom derivatives be exempted from federal regulation. This recommendation became part of the Commodity Futures Modernization Act, which President Clinton signed into law in December 2000. We don’t know which thirteen bankers were meeting with the deputy treasury secretary when he called Brooksley Born; nor do we know if it was actually twelve or fourteen bankers, or if they were in his office at the time, or if Summers was actually convinced by them—more likely he came to his own conclusions, which happened to agree with theirs.
Morgan; but during the Great Depression of the 1930s, Franklin Delano Roosevelt was finally able to break up the largest banks and constrain their risky activities. While they did not achieve all of their aims, the Jeffersonian tradition represented by these presidents has served as a counterweight to Hamilton’s influence, helping prevent a powerful and unfettered financial system from undermining broader prosperity. The American financial system has oscillated between concentration and fragmentation; but over the long term, it helped give us unrivaled prosperity without undermining our democratic system—at least not yet.
The stage was set for another political battle over the financial system. 65 Aldrich was chair of the National Monetary Commission, founded in the aftermath of the Panic of 1907, which recommended the creation of a central banking system largely controlled by the private sector bankers themselves. The details of the planned system were hammered out at a secret meeting of top politicians and financiers at Jekyll Island off the coast of Georgia in November 1910. What these bankers wanted was a bailout mechanism that would protect the financial system in the event of a speculative crash like the Panic of 1907.