Download 25 April 1915: The Day the Anzac Legend was Born by David W. Cameron PDF

By David W. Cameron

A close account of what occurred to the Australian, New Zealand and Turkish troops at the shores and hills of the Gallipoli peninsula on that fateful day - the day the ANZAC legend used to be born. at the twenty fifth of April 1915 Australian troops landed at the Gallipoli Peninsula in what's now known as Anzac Cove. They rushed from the seashore as much as Plugge's Plateau into Australian army historical past discomfort many casualties at the manner. simply after noon troops from New Zealand landed at Gallipoli and jointly the Australians and New Zealanders created the Anzac legend. It used to be the occasions of this primary day that set the process the total conflict resulting in the evacuation of the Anzac troops in December 1915. this can be the tale of that day telling the Australian, New Zealand and Turkish aspect of what used to be to develop into a tragedy for all 3 international locations and an final triumph for Turkey. It concludes with the stopover at of Charles Bean, the legit Australian struggle correspondent, to the peninsula in 1919 as a part of the Australian historic undertaking to organise the burial of the lifeless that had lain uncovered to the weather for the final 4 years, and to the formation of the cemeteries which are at the present time visited via millions.

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Extra info for 25 April 1915: The Day the Anzac Legend was Born

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Churchill wanted to order the admiral to undertake another naval assault but, faced with the unanimous opinion of the naval and military commanders on the scene, the War Council was left with little alternative but to abandon the idea. 10 Lieutenant Colonel Cunliffe-Owen had been the British military attaché in Constantinople from 1913 until the outbreak of hostilities between Britain and Turkey. In late 1914 he had reported to British military intelligence regarding the Ottoman Army: there is no doubt that very considerable progress has been made in efficiency, and that it will be far superior to that in existence before the Balkan war.

The suspense is very nerve racking. All we can do is follow the pinnace towing us about. The thought comes to me that perhaps we are the unfortunate ones to be sacrificed in drawing the enemy’s fire, such a cheerful thought! ’ If Sinclair-MacLagan’s ‘encouraging’ speech of the day before was anything to go by this was indeed a real possibility. As the steamboats neared the shore, one of them let loose a stream of sparks from its funnel, shooting 1 metre into the air, which lasted for almost 30 seconds.

20 It would not be long, however, before they would be woken from their sleep by the sound of distant gunfire originating from the vicinity of Gaba Tepe and Ari Burnu, just 5 kilometres away. In early 1915 General Ian Hamilton was appointed Commander-inChief of the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force (MEF). With the failure of the navy to penetrate the Dardanelles, the MEF was assigned the mission of invading and capturing the Gallipoli Peninsula. The British 29th Division (around 17 000 men) under the command of General Hunter-Weston was slated as the main force to capture the peninsula.

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