Download A Brief History Of Saudi Arabia by James Wynbrandt PDF

By James Wynbrandt

A major best friend within the center East, Saudi Arabia is a mysterious land to such a lot americans, who may well realize it in basic terms because the position the place Islam originated and Islamic fundamentalism is a robust strength. lately, the connection among the governments of the us and Saudi Arabia has come less than expanding strain, and one of the basic public within the usa there's a want and wish for a better realizing of this state. A language barrier and the closed nature of the Saudi Arabian society have performed little to ask or ease open inquiry to all yet expert teachers and linguists. a quick background of Saudi Arabia redresses the shortcoming of compatible references to this specified and significant kingdom and provides a balanced, knowledgeable standpoint on its lengthy heritage. This readable and complete assessment of the historical past of Saudi Arabia areas the political, monetary, and cultural occasions of at the present time right into a wide historic context. It offers a concise but thorough account of the genesis of Saudi Arabia, from the geology of its land mass and its payment in prehistoric occasions via fresh occasions that experience reminded the realm of Saudi Arabia's strategic significance to glob

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He contacted the citizens of Taif, a town in the hills some 50 miles southeast of Mecca. His request to move his community infuriated Meccans already opposed to him, and when Taif refused, his position became even more precarious. It was shortly after this that Muhammad reported to his followers of a miraculous journey he experienced one night. This has become one of the most well known and theologically important episodes of his life, known as his Night Journey (Isra) and referred to in the Quran (17:1).

The beauty and lyricism of the Quran has often been cited as proof of its divine provenance. Part of the tradition of its validity is the argument that Muhammad, said to be illiterate, could not have created the perfect Arabic of the Quran. However, his illiteracy is not universally accepted by scholars. Whatever its provenance, the Quran has elements and traditions from both the Old and New Testaments, as well as from other religions of the time, including Sabaism (worship of the stars), Zoroastrianism, Hanifism, and Arabian pagan beliefs.

The principal god was Hubal. The Kaaba also housed a sacred black stone, believed to be a meteorite. Pilgrimages to the Kaaba were made during Dhu al-Hijja, a month of the lunar calendar. During this time, fighting among the warring tribes and clans—who were usually engaged in some form of warfare—was forbidden. It was a time for poetry contests and other competitions and activities. The cessation of hostilities also facilitated trade, for caravans could travel without fear of raids. For some, its foundation in religious obeisance was forgotten.

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