By Stacy E. Holden
via diverse records starting from brief tales to treaties, political speeches to memoirs, and newspaper articles to ebook excerpts, the paintings synthesizes formerly marginalized views of minorities and girls with the voices of the political elite to supply an built-in photograph of political swap from the Ottoman Empire in 1903 to the top of the second one Bush management in 2008. masking a wide diversity of themes, this bottom-up procedure permits readers to completely immerse themselves within the lives of daily Iraqis as they navigate regime shifts from the British to the Hashemite monarchy, the political upheaval of the Persian Gulf wars, and past. short introductions to every excerpt offer context and recommend questions for lecture room discussion.
This assortment deals uncooked historical past, untainted and unfiltered by way of sleek political framework and idea, representing a clean new method of the research of Iraq.
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Additional info for A Documentary History of Modern Iraq
And of course, some one had. Some blessed Tommy, perhaps coaxing the coals under his supper while shells whistled over his head. He had either died or he had thrown it aside in a rush to meet the enemy hand to hand. So much of this fighting was hand to hand. I stood and pondered over the old scabbard, looking at it and then at the fearful scene around us. And in my mind I saw two boys; one—still in the ranks fighting the great fight; the other—his head held high in the shining column of the Forever Beloved host.
Not yet satisfied after so many months? No, not yet satisfied. They would pick up something and gather in an eager group to examine it in the sunlight. Nothing. They would toss it aside and go on creeping—creeping. . I wonder how many of them had tossed aside the precious thing I found. It was lying near the entrance of a British trench—an old leather bayonet-scabbard 44 / A Documentary History of Modern Iraq all burned and blackened at the end, as though some one had been poking a fire with it.
Ottoman Mesopotamia, 1903–1920 / 39 British Military Rule in Basra The area of present-day Iraq was an important arena of military engagement during World War I. Fighting in Mesopotamia began at a very early date. The Ottomans declared war on the Entente powers in October 1914, and the British occupied Basra the next month. The British occupied this port city in order to protect its colony in India. They also wanted to protect the oil refineries in nearby Abadan. This last reason was made all the more important by the fact that the British had switched from coal to oil fuel in 1912.