Download Aladdin's Lamp: How Greek Science Came to Europe Through the by John Freely PDF

By John Freely

Aladdin’s Lamp is the attention-grabbing tale of the way historic Greek philosophy and technology started within the 6th century B.C. and, through the subsequent millennium, unfold around the Greco-Roman global, generating the outstanding discoveries and theories of Thales, Pythagoras, Hippocrates, Plato, Aristotle, Euclid, Archimedes, Galen, Ptolemy, etc. John Freely explains how, because the darkish a while shrouded Europe, students in medieval Baghdad translated the works of those Greek thinkers into Arabic, spreading their rules during the Islamic international from vital Asia to Spain, with many Muslim scientists, so much significantly Avicenna, Alhazen, and Averroës, including their very own interpretations to the philosophy and technological know-how they'd inherited. Freely is going directly to exhibit how, starting within the 12th century, those texts by means of Islamic students have been then translated from Arabic into Latin, sparking the emergence of contemporary technological know-how on the sunrise of the Renaissance, which climaxed within the clinical Revolution of the 17th century.

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But as Acheson has reported: We failed again; for a year the State Department and the field fumbled the financial ball between them. We lacked decisiveness and vigor; they suffered from the habit learned in Athens of thinking in terms of large financial resources, with the result that both the mission and the Shah disdained the funds available, nothing got done, and confidence suffered all around. S. *Mission for My Country, p. 88. **Acheson,op. , p. 502. S. Embassy, as insultingly small. Grady called for a loan of $100 million for its psychological effect, but the State Department had no funds and the lending agencies felt that Iran, in the absence of an oil agreement, "did not look like a good risk.

However, the people at large were not yet truly an effective ally. Loyal they were and proud of their heritage. But they 69 did not share a common understanding of that heritage. The majority of them were illiterate and, worse, they were illiterate in different languages. Thus education, especially in the reading and writing of Persian (or Farsi, its traditional name) had to be the first, basic requirement of building a new country. The second essential, the primary economic resource, was oil. was a lot of it and that it promised to be a tremendous source of wealth.

William Blake (d. 1827) I cannot pretend that on my flight to Beirut in mid-July 1953 I recalled these events in quite such detail. And I do not know either what detail I omitted. I know that I had lots of time to think-air trips took forever in those bygone days-and that I did a great deal of remembering. The first postwar crisis that came to my mind was one that I observed only from a distance. It developed soon after the German surrender in Europe when, according to the agreed timetable, Allied forces were to be evacuated from Iran.

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