By A. Lynn Martin
This publication examines consuming and attitudes to alcohol intake in past due medieval and early sleek England, France, and Italy, particularly as they concerning sexual and violent habit and to gender relatives. in response to common ideals, the intake of alcohol resulted in elevated sexual intercourse between either women and men, and it additionally ended in disorderly behavior between girls and violent behavior between males. A. Lynn Martin exhibits how alcohol was once a primary a part of the diets of most folk, together with girls, leading to day-by-day ingesting of huge quantities of ale, beer, or wine. This research deals an intimate perception into either the altered states caused by means of alcohol, and, through competition, into common kinfolk in relatives, group, and society.
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Additional info for Alcohol, Sex and Gender in Late Medieval and Early Modern Europe (Early Modern History: Society and Culture)
150 Of all the factors that might help explain away the image of the excessive consumption of alcohol one of the most substantial relates to the primitive level of agricultural technology. 2 36 Alcohol, Sex, and Gender indicate that towns such as Bologna consumed large amounts of wine. With an annual per capita consumption of 300 –50 liters and a population of 60,000 in the seventeenth century, Bologna would require an annual supply of 18–21 million liters of wine. 4 liters of wine per person per year, then 36 million liters would supply the city.
50 Even though the villa that provided the fourteenth-century setting for Giovanni Boccaccio’s Decameron had cellars stocked with precious wines unsuitable for ‘sedate and respectable ladies,’51 women at the top end of the social scale, like the poor and Women and Alcohol 23 the peasants, drank, and some of the same types of evidence permit a certain amount of precision regarding the amount. Wealthy husbands in Piedmont left instructions in their wills on the amount and type of wine for their widows and dependents.
2, they were devoting a considerable proportion of their agricultural resources to the production of alcoholic beverages. Another factor that might help explain away the image is the method of drinking. Returning to Thomas Brennan’s critique of the use of statistics on aggregate consumption, the social, cultural, and dietary functions of drink in traditional Europe could prevent the problems associated with the heavy solitary drinker. If every occasion called for a drink, every occasion likewise had standards of drinking behavior.