By Dror Zeevi
In keeping with micro-level study of the District of Jerusalem, this e-book addresses one of the most the most important questions about the Ottoman empire in a time of situation and disorientation: decline and decentralization, the increase of the impressive elite, the urban-rural-pastoral nexus, agrarian kinfolk and the encroachment of eu financial system. even as it paints a brilliant photograph of lifestyles in an Ottoman province. by means of integrating courtroom list, petitions, chronicles or even neighborhood poetry, the booklet recreates a old global that, notwithstanding lengthy vanished, has left an indelible imprint at the urban of Jerusalem and its atmosphere.
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Additional resources for An Ottoman Century: The District of Jerusalem in the 1600s (S U N Y Series in Medieval Middle East History)
Townspeople, as well as villagers and even total strangers, could, for example, buy one qirat—one part in twenty four—of a luxurious, wellsituated house, which would then be rented out, providing a steady income. These purchases reflected neither the buyer's status, nor his choice of residence. Still, there are indications of alignment along economic and social lines, at least in the Muslim community. This can be gleaned both from the recorded inheritance of deceased inhabitants of the city, and from large auctions of property, usually offered for sale by wives and daughters who inherited houses and wished to sell them.
Mera, who were formerly incorporated into the provincial system as timariots, or at most as holders of a zeamet (larger timar estate and a somewhat bigger contingent to command) were now appointed directly as district governors. Increased demands by the ümera for allocation of jobs to their protegés resulted in an inflation of governors. One immediate consequence was the abolition of the devsirme system. Instead of boys gathered from Christian villages, the inner service of the sultan's palace now admitted and trained the sons and clients of ümera.
Such an assumption renders all social history meaningless. There is no doubt that significant changes have occurred in relation to morality and society throughout Islamic history. These changes were reflected in the structure and administration of cities, and even of single houses. Modern research should examine these changes, and lay aside the discussion of perennial aspects of religion and culture. 31 In order to put these contrasting views in focus, let us now turn to a description of Jerusalem as one example of an Islamic city.