Download Analogical Reasoning: Perspectives of Artificial by Mark Turner (auth.), David H. Helman (eds.) PDF

By Mark Turner (auth.), David H. Helman (eds.)

In the previous few years, there was an important volume of job within the examine of analogy and metaphor. this is often in part due to an curiosity of man-made intelligence researchers in simulating studying techniques utilizing analogy. It additionally arises from severe examinations of normal theories within the philosophy of language, with their in-built literal/meta­ phoric contrast. This quantity includes fresh formerly unpub­ lished paintings during this region, with a specific emphasis upon the function of analogies in reasoning and, extra in most cases, their function in concept and language. The papers are contributed by means of philosophers, machine scientists, cognitive scientists and literary critics. Researchers in those fields whose concentration is the research of analogy and metaphor will locate a lot of curiosity during this quantity. those essays may also function an creation to a couple of the key techniques taken within the research of analogy. As famous, this quantity brings jointly the paintings of researchers in numerous diversified disciplines. a number of the ways considering appreciate to the knowledge of analogy are typically particularly diverse, in spite of the fact that, the articles recommend a typical end. Analogy and metaphor pervade concept and language; their shut research therefore constitutes a precious contribution to our knowing of people. DAVID H. HELMAN Case Western Reserve college vii half I CONCEPTUAL AND express THEORIES OF ANALOGICAL figuring out MARK TURNER different types AND ANALOGIES i need to pursue the subsequent claims: the way in which we categorize is helping clarify the way in which we realize an announcement as an analogy.

Show description

Read Online or Download Analogical Reasoning: Perspectives of Artificial Intelligence, Cognitive Science, and Philosophy PDF

Best cognitive books

Working Memory Capacity (Essays in Cognitive Psychology)

The assumption of one's reminiscence "filling up" is a funny false impression of the way reminiscence generally is assumed to paintings; it truly is really has no ability restrict. although, the belief of a "full mind" makes extra experience with regards to operating reminiscence, that is the constrained volume of data somebody can carry briefly in a particularly available shape to be used within the finishing touch of virtually any difficult cognitive job.

Intentions in Communication

Intentions in communique brings jointly significant theorists from man made intelligence and machine technological know-how, linguistics, philosophy, and psychology whose paintings develops the principles for an account of the function of intentions in a finished concept of verbal exchange. It demonstrates, for the 1st time, the rising cooperation between disciplines thinking about the basic function of goal in communique.

Methodological Cognitivism: Vol. 2: Cognition, Science, and Innovation

This e-book covers a huge spectrum of issues, from experimental philosophy and cognitive conception of technological know-how, to social epistemology and learn and innovation coverage. Following up at the formerly released quantity 1, “Mind, Rationality, and Society,” it offers additional purposes of methodological cognitivism in parts comparable to clinical discovery, know-how move and innovation coverage.

Thinking Big: How the Evolution of Social Life Shaped the Human Mind

A more in-depth examine family tree, incorporating how organic, anthropological, and technical elements can effect human lives we're at a pivotal second in realizing our distant ancestry and its implications for the way we are living this day. The obstacles to what we will be able to find out about our far away family were falling because of clinical improve, corresponding to deciphering the genomes of people and Neanderthals, and bringing jointly varied views to respond to universal questions.

Additional resources for Analogical Reasoning: Perspectives of Artificial Intelligence, Cognitive Science, and Philosophy

Sample text

In short, the general assumption about Nom 2 in a given language is arbitrary in a way that is reminiscent of the fundamental arbitrariness of the match between sound and meaning in almost any word in any language. The general assumption is dependent on a specific language or culture but not necessarily on truth conditions or factual accuracy. My zoologist friends tell me that in reality bats can see rather well and that it is cave shrimps that are truly blind. Nonetheless, since the truth about METAPHORICAL STYLE AS MESSAGE 45 cave shrimps is not a general assumption among speakers of English, a statement like (11) John is blind as a cave shrimp.

Here we might even think of the mundane twin-pan balance or scale as though it were projected onto the highly abstract realm of mathematical computation and equation solving. The basis for this projection is a pointfor-point mapping of entities from the physical realm into entities in the abstract realm of mathematical "objects," as follows: (1) Physical objects map onto numbers (abstract entities). (2) Weights of physical objects map onto numerical values. EMBODIED ANALOGICAL UNDERSTANDING 35 (3) Physical addition of weights to the two sides of the balance beam becomes mathematical addition (the abstract "adding" of numerical values or numbers).

In Gulliver's Travels, for example, there are relatively few vivid metaphors. Gulliver's story is wholly absorbing and his descriptions are wonderfully clear, but his language is generally devoid of vivid metaphors. Here, from the opening chapter, is Gulliver's description of his first encounter with the Lilliputians: I heard a confused noise about me, but, in the posture I lay, could see nothing except the sky.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.27 of 5 – based on 5 votes