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By Jay Friedenberg

Creation. mind and brain. notion and motion. studying and reminiscence. considering. Language. Intelligence. Creativity. unfastened Will and selection Making. awareness. Motivation and Emotion. Biology. Social habit. end

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Extra resources for Artificial psychology: the quest for what it means to be human

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So, the advantage of artificial neural networks is that they are biologically plausible. In terms of their structure and function, they are more similar to human brains than the serial computer architecture. However, they have failed in some ways to live up to the initial hype that surrounded them. Currently, we can only construct artificial neural networks with a limited number of nodes and links, not even close to what we see in biological brains. Also, the activity in these networks dies down over time as the network settles on a stable configuration.

The failure of AI to live up to such proclamations led a number of critics to point out that computers are fundamentally limited and will never be able to do some of the things we can. One such critic is Hubert Dreyfus. In his 1972 book What Computers Can’t Do, he points out four human cognitive abilities that he says computers will never be able to emulate. Let’s take a moment to examine and evaluate each of them. Fringe Consciousness Computers are only able to focus on a limited aspect of a situation.

Prior to this, the worker who completed the axle might have had to wait for the completion of the chassis, and so on. Parallel processors thus benefit parallel tasks, those with few processing interdependencies, the most. Ways around this problem include rewriting algorithms to make them less sequential and load balancing, where processors are kept busy by moving tasks from those that are heavily loaded to those that are less so. Multi-Computer Systems In parallel computing, multiple processors or CPUs within a single computer distribute the workload and reduce execution time.

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