By A. Shoman
Belize, a small British colony in relevant the US confronted with a territorial declare and army threats from neighboring Guatemala, overcame risks of dimension and gear by way of imposing a method of internationalization that applied new overseas norms and foreign corporations, particularly the Non-Aligned stream and the United countries. This publication, written by way of a key participant within the independence fight, info the heritage of the territorial declare and of the overseas crusade that made it attainable for Belize to accomplish safe independence with all its territory regardless of pressures from Britain and the USA to cede land and compromise its sovereignty.
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Additional info for Belize's Independence and Decolonization in Latin America: Guatemala, Britain, and the UN (Studies of the Americas)
Britain sought to settle the dispute by negotiation, but at the expense of the sovereignty or territory of Belize, whose people were not prepared to accept this. In theory, they had no standing in traditional international law; sovereignty of the territory lay in the UK, not in Belize. At the same time, Britain was constrained from reaching a settlement with Guatemala against the express wishes of the Belizean people, first for reasons of prestige and later because of commitments made as a result of Belize’s internationalization, and a stalemate ensued.
Matters that will be brought to the Assembly for decision are first discussed in the relevant committees, which then submit their drafts to the Assembly for decision by resolution; in the case of decolonization issues, this is the Fourth Committee. On dealing with a matter, the committee usually holds a general discussion, then a draft resolution is prepared, usually with a number of “cosponsors”; a resolution with a large number of cosponsors indicates broad support. 96 Given the fact that its resolutions are nonbinding, skeptics have questioned the value of the GA as an instance of meaningful international action, but as Samuel Barkin notes, the GA speaks with some real moral authority simply because it is the core democratic organ of the UN, and, to some extent, the voice of the community of nations.
The International Arena The Commonwealth The British saw the Commonwealth as a medium to maintain their status as a great power after their real power in the world had waned. 69 At the same time, [t]he British . . 72 The UK felt that Commonwealth membership should include continued loyalty to the British Empire by way of the monarchy, and denying this would damage British prestige and encourage anti-British sentiment elsewhere. 73 Another problem was faced with the admission of Ghana and other black-led states, which precipitated apartheid South Africa’s withdrawal from the Commonwealth.