By Cemal Kafadar
Cemal Kafadar deals a way more refined and complicated interpretation of the early Ottoman interval than that supplied via different historians. His cautious research of medieval in addition to glossy historiography from the viewpoint of a cultural historian demonstrates how ethnic, tribal, linguistic, spiritual, and political affiliations have been all at play within the fight for energy in Anatolia and the Balkans throughout the overdue heart Ages.
This hugely unique examine the increase of the Ottoman empire—the longest-lived political entity in human history—shows the transformation of a tiny frontier firm right into a centralized imperial kingdom that observed itself as either chief of the world's Muslims and inheritor to the jap Roman Empire.
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Additional info for Between Two Worlds: The Construction of the Ottoman State
1403 Süleymn elebi, Byezd's eldest son, signs treaty with the Byzantine emperor ceding land. 1413 Memed elebi ends up winner of internecine strife; Ottoman realm reunited. 1416 Civil war due to uprising led by Prince Muaf, a surviving son of Byezd (or a pretender). 1416 The revolt of Sheikh Bedreddn's followers crushed and Bedreddn executed. 1421– The accession of Murssd II, followed by rebellions of an uncle and a brother. 1430 Thessaloniki (Selanik) conquered. 1443 Army led by Janos Hunyadi descends deep into the Ottoman realm in autumn, is forced to return after the battle by the Zlatitsa Pass, where both sides suffer great losses.
But the Ottomans were not the only ones who undertook lucrative expeditions, and at first they were not the most renowned of the emirates. Even their location right next to Byzantine territory to the southeast of the Marmara Sea was matched by that of the Karasi emirs, who controlled the southwestern half of the region. Insofar as the extension of gazi activity into southeastern Europe constituted the next significant step in the imaginations of the begs of western Anatolia, the Karasi were in fact more favored in terms of their location and more knowledgeable in military-strategic terms.
To be more specific, it is argued that the recent debate over the normative “Muslimness” of the gazis obscures the historical reality of the distinctive culture and ethos of the march environment within which the Ottoman state was born. Beyond reassessing the historiography, it is my aim to reconstruct that distinctive ethos as well as the social and political environment of the marches in late medieval Anatolia in order to reach a better understanding of the rise of the Ottoman state. PLAN AND APPROACH This book analyzes its problem and elaborates its perspective in three layers.