Download Beyond grammar: an experience-based theory of language by Rens Bod PDF

By Rens Bod

Over the last few years, a brand new method of linguistic research has began to emerge. This strategy, which has emerge as identified below numerous labels reminiscent of 'data-oriented parsing', 'corpus-based interpretation' and 'treebank grammar', assumes that human language comprehension and construction works with representations of concrete earlier language reviews instead of with summary grammatical ideas. It operates through decomposing the given representations into fragments and recomposing these items to research (infinitely many) new utterances. This ebook indicates how this common technique can observe to numerous varieties of linguistic representations. Experiments with this technique recommend that the effective devices of usual language can't be outlined by way of a minimum algorithm or rules, yet have to be outlined through a wide, redundant set of formerly skilled buildings. Bod argues that this consequence has very important results for linguistic thought, resulting in a completely new view of the character of linguistic competence.

Show description

Read Online or Download Beyond grammar: an experience-based theory of language PDF

Similar semantics books

Contexts: Meaning, Truth, and the Use of Language

Stefano Predelli involves the safety of the normal "formal" method of natural-language semantics, arguing that it's been misrepresented not just by way of its critics, but in addition by way of its top-rated defenders. In Contexts he deals a basic reappraisal, with specific realization to the remedy of indexicality and different kinds of contextual dependence that have been the point of interest of a lot fresh controversy.

Metadata and Semantics Research: 6th Research Conference, MTSR 2012, Cádiz, Spain, November 28-30, 2012. Proceedings

This booklet constitutes the refereed lawsuits of the sixth Metadata and Semantics examine convention, MTSR 2012, held in Cádiz, Spain, in November 2012. The 33 revised papers offered have been conscientiously reviewed and chosen from eighty five submissions. The papers are equipped in a normal, major song and a number of other others: a tune on metadata and semantics for open entry repositories, study info structures and infrastructures, a moment on metadata and semantics for cultural collections and purposes, and eventually one on metadata and semantics for agriculture, nutrition and setting.

Metadata and Semantics Research: 7th Research Conference, MTSR 2013, Thessaloniki, Greece, November 19-22, 2013. Proceedings

This e-book constitutes the refereed complaints of the seventh Metadata and Semantics examine convention, MTSR 2013, held in Thessaloniki, Greece, in November 2013. The 29 revised papers awarded have been rigorously reviewed and chosen from 89 submissions. The papers are prepared in numerous periods and tracks.

Definite Descriptions

This publication argues that certain descriptions ('the table', 'the King of France') check with members, as Gottlob Frege claimed. This it sounds as if basic end flies within the face of philosophical orthodoxy, which contains Bertrand Russell's thought that convinced descriptions are units of quantification.

Additional resources for Beyond grammar: an experience-based theory of language

Example text

6. 6. 7. 7. Notice that some subtrees occur twice (a subtree may be extracted from different trees and even several times from a single tree if the same node configuration appears at different positions). By means of the composition operation, new sentence-analyses can be constructed out of this subtree collection. 8. Analyzing Mary likes Susan by combining subtrees The probability of this particular derivation is the joint probability of 3 stochastic events: (1) selecting the subtree s[NP vptvHikes] NP]] among the subtrees with root label S, (2) selecting the subtree NPtMary] among the subtrees with root label NP, (3) selecting the subtree NpfSusan] among the subtrees with root label NP.

In the context of stochastic language theory, however, we are not so much interested in tree languages as in stochastic tree languages. Thus, it is more interesting to compare stochastic tree languages of strongly equivalent grammars. Proposition 6 There exists an STSG for which there is a strongly equivalent SCFG but no strongly stochastically equivalent SCFG. 3 The string language generated by G is {ab*}. Thus the only (proper) SCFG G' which is strongly equivalent with G consists of the following productions: S->Sb (1) (2) 3 This STSG is also interesting because it can be projected from a DOP1 model whose corpus of sentence-analyses consists only of tree t \.

Elementary tree corresponding to the construction flights from ... to... 5). This is a serious shortcoming, since for the correct disambiguation of a new sentence which contains an NP-construction like flights from ... , it may be important to describe this general construction as one statistical unit. STSG, on the other hand, can easily describe this NP as a statistical unit by simply attaching a probability to this construction. The same limitations of SHBG occur with dependencies between words like nearest and to in the ATIS NP-construction the nearest airport to Dallas.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.96 of 5 – based on 17 votes