By R. Falkner
This publication places ahead a particular theoretical technique and analytical framework for learning enterprise as a global actor within the environmental box, and gives designated case experiences of an important environmental demanding situations lately.
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Additional info for Business Power and Conflict in International Environmental Politics
Likewise, business actors will seek to minimize differences and tensions between them in their efforts to shape international political outcomes. On issues that affect most corporations in an equal way, business unity will be easier to achieve. But on other issues that have differential effects on individual firms – and regulatory politics is one such area – the potential for disunity and conflict can never be excluded. It is therefore analytically preferable to treat the question of business unity or conflict as an empirical question, not as a given.
Particularly in the environmental field, grassroots and transnational campaigns by activist groups have undermined the legitimacy of multinational firms and induced change in corporate behaviour (Wapner, 1996). To be sure, interest group competition in transnational and international realms is rarely conducted on a level playing field. Global political space is not entirely pluralistic, but existing balances of power between different transnational actors vary across different policy domains and are more fluid and unstable in an era of globalization, leading to a more open-ended process of global politics.
International firms are more likely to support international rulesetting and the harmonization of national regulations. The latter have traditionally favoured protectionism in trade policy and are more likely to oppose international rule-setting in environmental affairs. Firms that operate in different national markets and depend on the unhindered flow of goods will place a higher value on creating a level playing field than those that are concerned primarily with national markets and competition from abroad.