By Nahum Karlinsky
The citrus of Palestine has usually been linked to the myths and beliefs of the exertions circulate and its Zionist-Socialist ideology. The Jaffa orange, just like the younger pioneer and the collective kibbutz, was once emblematic of a colonizing meta-narrative that marginalized or maybe denounced the personal entrepreneurs—both Arabs and Jews—who have been the genuine founders and proponents of the flourishing citrus in Palestine. California Dreaming finds that those deepest marketers seemed the California citrus as their fundamental version of emulation. using an leading edge multidisciplinary technique, Nahum Karlinsky vividly reconstructs the social cloth, monetary constitution, and ideological tenets of the Jewish citrus of Palestine within the early 20th century. additionally accentuated is the function of Palestinian-Arab citrus growers, whose predated that in their Jewish opposite numbers, and the complicated courting among the 2 nationwide sectors that operated facet via facet.
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Extra info for California Dreaming: Ideology, Society, and Technology in the Citrus Industry of Palestine, 1890-1939
The main elements of Smilansky’s construct—a visible Zionist national consciousness, affirmation of agriculture as a value and a path to economic viability, the centrality of private capital and initiative in building the new Yishuv in Palestine, assertion of individualism and personal freedom as general human and basic values in the praxis of private initiative, negation of any hint of philanthropy, and affirmation of the use of public and national capital—recurred with different degrees of emphasis in Smilansky’s writings not only during the Ottoman era but also during the Mandate years.
22 Rothschild had been mistaken on that score, since only after he withdrew his patronage from the moshavot did they begin to flourish economically and spiritually. In contrast, moshavot that were still under custodian administration, such as those of the ICA in the Galilee, evinced no growth whatsoever and were actually declining. Smilansky then used the same criteria to examine the Palestine Office’s settlements. These settlements, he opined, were blatant examples of the illegitimacy of the custodianship method.
DEGANIA O R PETAH TIKVA? 29 4. If Smilansky tended to believe that land acquisition would be spearheaded by national capital, in respect to the type of settler he clearly preferred persons of middle-class affluence and of what he considered the appropriate emigration age, the twenty to forty bracket. According to Smilansky’s program, most settlement work would be done by private “colonization companies” that would operate in coordination with the “metropolis” (the Diaspora). ), purchase livestock and physical plant for the settlers, and sell both the improved land and the live and physical inventory to the settlers.