By Steven M. Platek, Todd K. Shackelford
This e-book is an creation to the rising box of evolutionary cognitive neuroscience, a department of neuroscience that mixes the disciplines of evolutionary psychology and cognitive neuroscience. It outlines the appliance of cognitive neuroscientific tools (e.g., practical magnetic resonance imaging, transcranial magnetic stimulation, magneto- and electroencephalography, and using neuropsychiatric and neurosurgical sufferers) to respond to empirical questions posed from an evolutionary meta-theoretical viewpoint. Chapters define the fundamentals of cognitive evolution and the way the equipment of cognitive neuroscience might be hired to reply to questions on the presence of developed cognitive diversifications. Written for graduate scholars and researchers, the booklet provides the key issues of analysis undertaken through evolutionary cognitive neuroscientists - comparable to language evolution, intelligence and face processing - and serves as a primer upon which to base extra research within the self-discipline.
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Extra info for Cambridge Foundations In Evolutionary Cognitive Neuroscience
Rather, the “motivation to control” is a framework for conceptualizing the function of evolved traits and for integrating seemingly different traits. 3. , 1999). , insects vs. seeds encased in shells). These birds have no conscious motivation to control, but they have evolved such that their behavior and physical traits (beaks in this example) are focused on obtaining control of resources that have covaried with survival prospects during the species’ evolutionary history. I apply this framework to various aspects of human functioning in the first section, and then focus on cognition, including fluid intelligence, in the second.
0. 0. , 1997). 1, EQ has increased dramatically over the past 4 million years of hominid evolution. The estimates are expressed in terms of a percentage of that of modern humans and thus although the EQ of chimpanzees is twice that of the typical mammal, it is estimated to be only 34% of that of modern humans. The EQ of australopithecines is greater than that of chimpanzees but less than 50% that of modern humans, whereas the EQ of H. habilis was slightly more than 50% of modern humans. Large increases in EQ are evident with the emergence of H.
Since that time, climate change and variation may have contributed to changes in brain volume and EQ in Homo, but does not appear sufficient in and of itself. If it were, then other primates and hominids exposed to the same climate conditions would have shown the same pattern of brain evolution as Homo, but they do not. Ecological. In traditional societies today and in preindustrial Western nations, parasites, food shortages, and occasional predator attacks were significant sources of human mortality and morbidity (Hed, 1987; Hill and Hurtado, 1996; Morrison, Kirshner, and Molho, 1977).