By Christine J. Wade
Scope and content material: "El Salvador is broadly one in every of the main profitable United international locations peacebuilding efforts, yet checklist murder premiums, political polarization, socioeconomic exclusion, and corruption have decreased the standard of peace for lots of of its voters. In Captured Peace : Elites and Peacebuilding in El Salvador, Christine J. Wade adapts the idea that of elite seize to extend at the notion of 'captured peace,' explaining how neighborhood elites commandeered political, social, and monetary affairs earlier than war's finish after which used the peace accords to deepen their keep watch over in those spheres. whereas a lot scholarship has fascinated by the position of gangs in Salvadoran unrest, Wade attracts on an exhaustive diversity of resources to illustrate how daily violence is inextricable from the industrial and political dimensions. during this in-depth research of postwar politics in El Salvador, she highlights the neighborhood actors' basic position in peacebuilding and demonstrates the political virtue an incumbent party--in this situation, the Nationalist Republican Alliance (ARENA)--has during the peace approach and the results of this to the standard of peace that results" Read more...
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Additional info for Captured peace : elites and peacebuilding in El Salvador
Banco Occidental was founded in 1890 and Banco Agricola Comercial in 1895. By the end of the century, there were more than half a dozen banks dedicated to financing the agricultural sector. The availability of land and financing enabled both large and small growers to expand coffee cultivation. It also increased the power of coffee growers vis-à-vis the state. Thus, coffee, the state, and finance became entangled early in El Salvador’s history. One noteworthy characteristic of the Salvadoran elites was their espousal of the virtues of liberalism alongside mechanisms, policies, and practices that were distinctly illiberal.
Even though Duarte was leading in the polls when radio election coverage was terminated, the final tally favored the PCN. 62 Protests followed and attempts were made to nullify the election. In the end, PCN candidate Col. Arturo Molina assumed the presidency and Duarte was forced into exile. The 1972 presidential elections were a critical juncture in Salvadoran politics. For more than a decade, various regimes had tolerated the growth of the PDC and other opposition parties, and the opposition had shown its growing organizational and electoral capacity.
42 elites and the salvadoran state Castañeda Castro represented the old guard of the Salvadoran armed forces and was relatively isolated from the junior officers. 43 Those officers returned in 1948, on the eve of a hastily arranged presidential election. ”44 The 1948 coup summarily ended the caudillo state in El Salvador and paved the way for significant institutional change. Institutional Military Rule For nearly a century, elites had maintained power through coercive mechanisms designed to protect them from the socioeconomic exclusion produced by their policies.