Download Cognitive and Behavioral Performance Factors in Atypical by Mark L. Howe (auth.), Mark L. Howe Ph.D, Michael J. Stones PDF

By Mark L. Howe (auth.), Mark L. Howe Ph.D, Michael J. Stones Ph.D, Charles J. Brainerd Ph.D (eds.)

It is a truism that as we age there are various underlying physiological alterations conspiring to change our point of behavioral and cognitive functionality­ ing. regardless of the inherent interrelatedness of those behavioral and cognitive alterations, all too frequently the papers we learn confine themselves to precise, remoted parts of the constructing approach. even supposing exceptions nat­ urally exist, we think that those exceptions should still turn into rule. even though an built-in process is critical in all components of grownup devel­ opment, it really is possibly quite germane within the learn of bizarre getting older. the following, alterations in total functioning can take place in fast succession, with the synchrony of decline among varied subprocesses making it tricky to issue alterations in a single technique from adjustments in one other. for instance, simply because adjustments in cognitive functioning co-occur with different dramatic alterations in (motoric) reaction capacities, it's doubtful how you can effec­ tively examine alterations within the skill to cognize autonomous of alterations within the very mechanisms (ability to execute motor sequences) so frequently used to index cognitive performance.

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The magnitude of these differences (either numerically or in terms of the number of parameters affected) was larger between the normal and DAT patients than between the normal and depressed patients. , algorithmic). Finally, DAT patients benefitted less from retrieval errors later in memorization (regardless of the specific form of retrieval, algorithmic or heuristic) than either the depressed or normally functioning individuals. Thus, despite having to collapse across list types within each subgroup, the use of this model has permitted substantial progress in specifying the different source(s) of memory dysfunction that characterizes three different groups of elderly individuals.

Could learn the Tower of Hanoi puzzle in a normal fashion, another investigation reported that other amnesic patients could not perform normally on this task (Butters, Wolfe, Martone, Granholm, & Cermak, 1985). , using more controlled experimental conditions, failed to replicate the original finding of intact skill learning on this task (Gabrieli, Keane, & Corkin, 1987). Thus, simple skills can be learned and retained by amnesic patients in a normal fashion, but complex skill learning may be affected in amnesia and therefore depend at least in part on the declarative memory system.

1. Individual scores on the Raven's Progressive Matrices for 300 men (left panel; 50 men in each age group) and 240 women (right panel; 40 women in 2. I .... 2 ~ 1 •• ~ ~ • • 50 • 1-. 2 • •• • • ~ • • • • • 2. • • • •• •• •••• • • • • • • •• 45 • 2 • • • • 2 • • •• • • • • ••• • •• II: o 2 • • • • U 40 • • •• • • • • UJ • • • •• • •• 3 • • • I~ 35 • • •• • • • • • • • ~ • • . 2• • • ~ 30 • • • l•• • • •• •• • • • 25 ••• • 2 • • 2 • • • • 20 • • 2 • • • 2 • Ie•• • 2 15 • • • • • 2 • • • • ~ ••• ...

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