By William E. Cooper (auth.), William E. Cooper (eds.)
This quantity marks the seventy fifth anniversary of the booklet of William Book's 1908 The Psychology of ability, during which typewriting got its first large-scale therapy from a mental point of view. As booklet learned early on, this manner of human habit is very like minded to checking out mental theories of complicated motor ability and its acquisition, current ing because it does a job that richly engages cognitive and motor parts of programming, but includes a sort of reaction output that may be quite simply quantified. Now that typewriting is practiced so extensively in workday conditions, learning this job deals the extra prospect of useful applicability. until eventually lately, rather few stories have been performed at the psychology of typewriting. One may perhaps speculate that this dearth of curiosity stemmed partially from the truth that researchers themselves hardly ever undertook the job, delegating it as a substitute to the secretarial pool. mental study on piano taking part in has produced a literature extra huge than the single on typewriting, but the latter task has most likely been practiced for plenty of extra overall human hours during this century. yet modern advancements in observe processing expertise have moved the typewriter into the researcher's workplace, and lately curiosity in accompanying mental matters has grown.
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Additional resources for Cognitive Aspects of Skilled Typewriting
A longer-term study of intentional versus incidental learning of material was conducted by Dawley and Dawley (1974); it was particularly noteworthy for the testing of comprehension of textbook material that required learning of complex material over a prolonged period rather than the simple recall of factual details. In this study, beginning typists copied 20 passages on economic concepts, each requiring 5 minutes to type, over a 5-week period. As in the Marton and Sandqvist study, one group of subjects was instructed to concentrate on the meaning of the source material as they typed, while the other group was given no special instructions regarding comprehension.
Of Long's experiments show an increase in the interkeystroke intervals with increases in feedback delay, but the amount of the increase in the interkeystroke intervals is not as great as the delay times. Thus, Long proposes a modified system, following a suggestion of Licklider (1960), in which an open-loop mode is adopted under normal feedback conditions but is switched to a closed-loop system under delayed feedback, at least initially. When related experiments on delayed feedback were conducted with skilled typists and text material, Long found that the decrement in performance under the delayed conditions was eliminated after about 2,000 keystrokes, or about 8 minutes.
Interactive human communication. Scientific American, 1975,232(3), 36-42. Chapanis, A. Interactive communication: Some findings from laboratory experiments. 1-9. , Ochsman, R. , Parrish, R. , & Weeks, G. D. Studies in interactive communication: I. The effect of four communication modes on the behavior of teams during cooperative problem-solving. Human Factors, 1972, 14,487-509. , & Overbey, C. M Studies in interactive communication: III. Effects of similar and dissimilar communication channels and two interchange options on team problem solving.