Download Cognitive Psychology: Classic Edition by Ulric Neisser PDF

By Ulric Neisser

First released in 1967, this seminal quantity by means of Ulric Neisser was once the 1st try out at a accomplished and accessible survey of Cognitive Psychology; as such, it supplied the sphere with its first real textbook.

Its chapters are equipped in order that they all started with stimulus info that got here 'inward' during the organs of feel, via its many changes and reconstructions, and ultimately via to its eventual use in suggestion and memory.

The quantity encouraged a variety of scholars input the sphere of cognitive psychology and a few of the trendy top and most useful cognitive psychologists cite Neisser's publication because the cause they launched into their careers.

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Acuity judg ments take time, and would be facil itated by prolong ing the useful life of iconic storage. ) It is of great import ance to distinguish the exposure time of the stimu lus from the longer period during which the subject can “see” it. Haber and Hershenson (1965, p. 46) ask “. . ” The answer is that the useful life of the icon depends (nonlinearly) on exposure time, as it does on exposure intensity, but it is by no means identical to exposure time. As 22 Visual Cognition the advocates of “micro-genetic theory” (Smith, 1957; Flavell & Draguns, 1957) have long insisted, perception is “an event over time”—not just over the exposure itself, but over the whole period during which iconic storage makes continued visual processing possible.

The entire center square area appeared completely dark. (Fehrer & Raab, 1962, pp. 144–145 ) This phenomenon seems myster ious indeed. The flanks do not impair the perception of the central square if they are simultaneous with it, but if they come somewhat later they can make it disappear entirely. What can be happen ing in the icon during this period? Perhaps the most plausible answer is still that given by Werner in 1935: contours are not simply “registered,” but must be actively constructed, which takes time.

Such masking by flashes should be symmet rical in time: a flash 50 msec. before a figure should mask it as effectively as a flash 50 msec. after. Eriksen and Lappin (1964) seem to have confi rmed these predictions. The “temporal summation” or “integ ration” of successive visual stimuli is of interest for its own sake. According to one tradition in psychology, successive stimuli will be integ rated only if they fall within the same discrete “psychological moment,” or “quantum of psychological time” (Stroud, 1955).

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