Download Communities of Practice and Vintage Innovation: A Strategic by Francesco Schiavone PDF

By Francesco Schiavone

This ebook makes a speciality of the inspiration of “vintage innovation” and its program in a number of previous technology-based groups of perform. a few groups of perform withstand and react to technological switch through adopting new technological items (“vintage products”) that reach the life of their outdated, favourite items and practices. there are various capability purposes for such strategic reactions, that are analyzed through the writer. The booklet opens by way of reviewing the character of technological swap. previous technology-based groups of perform and their average reactions to technological swap are then mentioned, and the idea that of classic innovation, brought and defined. The publication offers 4 case reports of groups of clients during which classic innovation emerged: analog photographers, radio amateurs, arcade videogame gamers, and disc jockeys.​

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A number of motivations explain this behavior (Franke and Shah 2003): • community-based motives (reciprocal expectations and trust with other community members) for giving support to innovators are more relevant for CoP members than individual-based motives; • a lack of competition between CoP members; • the innovation is freely shared and not sold in the community. Despite these positive evidences, CoPs sometimes might not support and, conversely, make harder the development of organizational innovation.

At micro level, the adoption of an innovation is not solely a problem of economizing but also an issue of feelings and emotions toward the old technology and the new one. The perception of potential adopters about innovation is another critical micro factor influencing adoption. Rogers (1995) identifies five attributes of innovation: relative advantage, complexity, compatibility, trialability, and observability. Compatibility is probably the most important attribute in relation to the issue of technological transition and substitution.

J Econ Hist 22:1–20 Schumpeter JA (1912/1934) Theorie der wirtschaftlichen Entwicklung. Leipzig: Duncker & Humblot. English translation published in 1934 as The theory of economic development. Harvard University Press, Cambridge Schumpeter JA (1942) Capitalism, socialism and democracy. Harper and Brothers, New York Shapiro C, Varian HR (1999) Information rules: a strategic guide to the network economy. Harvard Business School Press, Boston Shy O (2001) The economics of network industries. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge Snow DC (2008) Beware of old technologies’ last gasps.

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