Download Culture in mind : toward a sociology of culture and by Karen A. Cerulo PDF

By Karen A. Cerulo

What's suggestion and the way does one come to check and are aware of it? How does the brain paintings? Does cognitive technology clarify all of the mysteries of the mind? This choice of fourteen unique essays from a few of the best sociologists within the nation, together with Eviatar Zerubavel, Diane Vaughan, Paul Dimaggio and Gary Alan high quality, between others, opens a discussion among cognitive technology and cultural sociology, encouraging a brand new community of medical collaboration and stimulating new traces of social medical learn.
Rather than contemplating concept as simply someone act, Culture in Mind considers it in a social and cultural context. Provocatively, this means that our innovations don't functionality in a vacuum: our minds aren't on my own. protecting such varied issues because the nature of evil, the method of storytelling, defining psychological ailment, and the conceptualizing of the untimely child, those essays supply clean insights into the functioning of the brain. Leaving the MRI in the back of, Culture in Mind will discover the mysteries of the way we expect.

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My data include observations of controllers and supervisors making decisions about aircraft while on position at the radar screen; the data also include exchanges between pilots and controllers that I listened to while wearing a headset with controllers on the job. Finally, the data provide informal conversations with controllers and supervisors on break and interviews with facility directors and Traffic Management Unit personnel. Explaining Decision Making and Cognition within Social Context Having established the logic of this comparison based on the centrality of signals and interpretive work in the three cases, we now turn to the explanations of decision making in each setting.

Unlike a grasshopper on a twig, which we are unable to notice because it is so well camouflaged that its outlines practically blend with the surrounding background, the elephant has a commanding visual presence that is objectively unavoidable. Thus if we manage not to notice it, it can only be as a result of a deliberate act of ignoring, since naturally it would be practically impossible not to notice it! Not noticing an elephant, in other words, involves blindness to the obvious. Notice the visual aspect of ignoring in this case.

As one engineer said: “When people are working evenings and weekends, no one has to tell you that schedule is a priority. ” Dramatic post-Apollo increases in bureaucratic accountability at 40 CULTURE IN MIND NASA multiplied requirements for the agency to follow rules and procedures in making technical decisions, ordering hardware, reporting contractor performance, and conforming to industry and government regulations. This greater preoccupation with rules and procedures had a cognitive consequence: Rule-following was accompanied by the cultural belief that if all rules were followed scrupulously in launch decision making, safety was as sure as they could make it, given the unprecedented, unpredictable technology.

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