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By Dietrich Jung

Investigating the political economic climate of improvement and democracy within the center East, this publication offers new perception into the consequences of exterior tasks for the aid of excellent governance in Arab states, the effect of transnational Islamist networks on democratization within the center East, and the function of latest satellite tv for pc broadcasting within the Arab global.

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Additional resources for Democratization and Development: New Political Strategies for the Middle East (Governance, Security and Development)

Sample text

WAR-MAKING AND STATE-MAKING IN THE MIDDLE EAST 17 sense, the explanation of warfare must combine structural analysis with an adequate understanding of social action. Kurdistan In the course of regional state formation, the territories with predominantly Kurdish population were mainly distributed among three territorial states: Turkey, Iran, and Iraq. Since 1945, the conflict between these three states and Kurdish movements resulted in seven wars. Besides the wars in Turkey (1984–99) and Iran (1946–47 and 1979–88), the Kurdish conflict has been most belligerently fought out in Iraq, where four wars have taken place.

In comparison to this ideal type, this overview of the relationship between war-making and state-making in the Middle East shows that most of the regional states lack essential preconditions for a democratic polity and that some of these states exist only as internationally accepted territories. In Yemen, for example, the state has not yet been able to effectively control the means of physical force and to administer its territory and people. In the peace-building operations in Iraq and Afghanistan it is indeed difficult to define a people who should eventually rule themselves.

S. intervention after the terror attacks against New York and Washington on September 11, 2001. It remains to be seen whether the international community that took on the responsibility of rebuilding Afghanistan has the persistence and will necessary to establish state-like institutions in the country. Either a gradual consolidation of state institutions or a collapse and a return to regional and ethnic fragmentation are likely scenarios for Afghanistan’s future (cf. Dorronsoro, 1996 and 2005; Roy, 1991; Rubin, 1995).

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