Download Dictionary of Mexican Rulers, 1325-1997 by Juana Vazquez-Gomez PDF

By Juana Vazquez-Gomez

This common reference dictionary presents a short consultant to people who have ruled Mexico from 1325 to 1997. It covers all rulers from the Aztec Empire to the present president, Ernesto Zedillo. The booklet presents an target portrait of the political management and describes the conditions surrounding significant occasions. prepared chronologically, with a word list, appendixes, and identify index, the publication contains 4 major chapters--The Aztec Empire, The Conquest and Viceroyalty, From Independence to the Diaz Dictatorship, and Revolution and glossy Mexico. each one bankruptcy opens with a short characterization of the interval. a realistic advisor to Mexico's lengthy and intricate background, this booklet comprises brief biographical entries on all the country's 185 rulers. Entries describe the most accomplishments and screw ups of every tenure. The e-book additionally comprises an appendix describing Mexico's major plans, treaties, conspiracies, and constitutions.

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But there were also many problems in the land. The indigenous peoples 32 DICTIONARY OF MEXICAN RULERS, 1325–1997 fled to the hills to escape their encomenderos, and the mestizos preferred highway robbery and banditry to working like serfs. In bad health, overwhelmed by severe economic problems and petty arguments with the audiencia, Toledo asked the crown to relieve him of his duties. It took several years before the petition was granted. His return to Spain was painful as his wife died during the trip.

JOSE´ SARMIENTO VALLADARES (1643–1708). ’’ Place of birth: San Roman de Sajamonde, Pontevedra, Spain; Place of death: Madrid, Spain; Wife: Marı´a Andrea Moctezuma Jofre de Loaiza (Third Countess of Moctezuma); Position: Viceroy; Term: December 18, 1696–November 4, 1701. Valladares was the husband of Moctezuma II’s great-great-greatgranddaughter, Marı´a Andrea Moctezuma. This viceroy was the first mestizo to govern New Spain. He was a very efficient viceroy whose main interest was to improve the living conditions in the country, especially in the capital, which was in a ruinous state due to fires, riots, and floods.

The top priority of his reign was to regain the economic and political power Spain had once had. His style of governing was absolutist, and many people thought him to be a tyrant. When he believed the Jesuit order presented a potential threat to his rule, he expelled the order from Spain and all her colonies. Among Charles III’s best qualities was his ability to choose collaborators wisely. He excelled in naming very intelligent, wise, and valuable men for important posts. Trade, agriculture, and the arts flourished during his rule, and Spain was considerably more prosperous than before.

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