By Richard Schweickert

Essentially the most winning equipment for locating the best way psychological techniques are geared up is to monitor the consequences in experiments of selectively influencing the techniques. Selective effect is important in recommendations resembling Sternberg's additive issue strategy for response occasions and Jacoby's procedure dissociation technique for accuracy. The profitable makes use of of selective impact have inspired program extensions  Read more...

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46 Discovering Cognitive Architecture by Selectively Influencing Mental Processes However, expected values of interaction contrasts need not all have the same sign (Lin, 1999). 9. Numbers on the arrows are process durations. The duration of process F is 0 in the left panel and 3 in the right; otherwise the networks are the same. 7. 8. Interaction contrasts are all negative for the left hand network; further they are monotonically decreasing with increasing values of durations of A and B. Results are similar for the right hand network, except the interaction contrasts are positive and monotonically increasing.

This is the Cauchy criterion for convergence (Bartle, 1964, p. 115; Dzhafarov, 1992). It is useful because it can be applied even if the value of the limit is unknown. A drawback is that it requires greater precision in the data than the tests proposed earlier, because it is based on (near) equality, rather than inequality. Of course, in experiments one can only check that the criterion is met for the finite number of cases observed, so one cannot prove conclusively by experiment that the sequence converges.

As we will see, from the form of the interaction one can conclude that the task can be represented with an AND network in which the factors of produced-interval-goal and SOA selectively influence two concurrent processes. Fig. 3. If search is prolonged by 200, reaction time increases by 100. If the produced interval is long, effects of prolonging SOA and visual search will be greater than additive. 1, SOA and display size have additive effects on reaction time. 3, these factors could interact. 3 the produced interval is 700, longer than the sum of the SOA and the search duration.

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