By Liza Grandia
This impassioned and rigorous research of the territorial plight of the Q'eqchi Maya of Guatemala highlights an pressing challenge for indigenous groups world wide - repeated displacement from their lands. Liza Grandia makes use of the instruments of ethnography, heritage, cartography, and ecology to discover the habitual enclosures of Guatemala's moment greatest indigenous crew, who quantity one million robust. Having misplaced such a lot in their highland territory to overseas espresso planters on the finish of the nineteenth century, Q'eqchi' humans all started migrating into the lowland forests of northern Guatemala and southern Belize. Then, driven deeper into the frontier via farm animals ranchers, lowland Q'eqchi' chanced on themselves in clash with biodiversity conservationists who confirmed secure parts throughout this sector through the 1990s.
The lowland, maize-growing Q'eqchi' of the twenty first century face much more difficulties as they're swept into worldwide markets during the Dominican Republic-Central the United States unfastened exchange contract (DR-CAFTA) and the Puebla to Panama Plan (PPP). The waves of dispossession imposed upon them, pushed through encroaching espresso plantations, livestock ranches, and guarded components, have unsettled those agrarian humans. Enclosed describes how they've got confronted and survived their demanding situations and, in doing so, is helping to provide an explanation for what's occurring in different modern enclosures of public "common" area.
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Extra resources for Enclosed: Conservation, Cattle, and Commerce Among the Q’eqchi’ Maya Lowlanders
The contrast between the rainy (June–December) and dry (January– May) seasons is quite pronounced. In fact, the scarcity of groundwater plus the abundance of other discomforts (poisonous snakes, malaria, dengue fever, leishmaniasis, intestinal parasites, and skin pests such as ticks, black flies, and chiggers, to name a few) dissuaded Q’eqchi’ colonists and others from settling in northern Petén until land scarcity elsewhere compelled them to do so. 24 Introduction Unlike other areas of Q’eqchi’ territory, which have significant urban and professional populations, Q’eqchi’ settlement in Petén is basically rural and poor.
There are few opportunities for return migration to their places of ori6 Introduction gin. The only other recourse for landless Q’eqchi’ farmers is to invade private properties. The choice between confronting cattle guards armed with AK-47s or poorly paid, unmotivated, and unarmed park rangers is obvious. ” These new enclosures and Q’eqchi’ resistance to them seem eerily reminiscent of prior expropriations. Yet this time, with the aid of a World Bank–funded land administration project, agrarian re-concentration is legal and permanent.
The choice between confronting cattle guards armed with AK-47s or poorly paid, unmotivated, and unarmed park rangers is obvious. ” These new enclosures and Q’eqchi’ resistance to them seem eerily reminiscent of prior expropriations. Yet this time, with the aid of a World Bank–funded land administration project, agrarian re-concentration is legal and permanent. Options for landless Q’eqchi’ families will likely worsen under neoliberal programs such as the Dominican Republic–Central America Free Trade Agreement (DR-CAFTA) and the Puebla to Panama Plan (PPP).