By Fred Skolnik
The hot version of Encyclopaedia Judaica brings a huge reference paintings into the twenty-first century. In 1928 Nahum Goldman, head of Eshkol Publishing, in Berlin, begun paintings on a entire reference paintings concerning the heritage and tradition of the Jewish humans. That paintings was once by no means accomplished, and the ten entire volumes stay as either a witness to eu Jewish scholarship and a reminder of Hitler's destruction of that culture. Goldman survived the Holocaust, and in 1966, he used his reparation funds to restore paintings at the encyclopedia at Keter Publishing residence, in Jerusalem. In 1972, greater than forty five years after the paintings all started, the 1st version was once accomplished. Keter Publishing residence and Macmillan Reference united states, its American accomplice, published Hebrew and English-language types of the paintings. just like the unique paintings, it was once an intensive, prepared evaluation of Jewish lifestyles and data. Updating a wide source is hard. The publishers issued yearbooks and supplementations cumulating the 1973–1982 and 1983–1992 volumes in addition to an up to date CD-ROM model in 1997, however the Jewish international has replaced greatly for the reason that then. the second one version can be a collaboration of Keter Publishing condo and Macmillan Reference, that is now a Thomson Gale imprint. Editors Berenbaum and Skolnik collected a world crew of greater than 50 divisional editors and 1,200 students to supply the paintings. they've got created 22 volumes with nearly 22,000 entries. a few 2,600 entries are new, and 12,000 were considerably revised. As they did in Encyclopedia of faith (2004), the publishers left the unique articles intact and extra up to date fabric in an appended article that follows. This version has a hundred and fifty pages of colour inserts showing as centerfolds in every one quantity in addition to six hundred maps, tables, and illustrations. There also are 30,000 new biographical entries. Why is that this variation assorted? development at the scholarship of the 1st variation, the editors have extra fabric that files modern day Jewish groups. because the booklet of the 1st variation, Israel has been via wars and intifadas, the position of girls in Jewish lifestyles has enormously multiplied, and the Soviet Union has disappeared. the main quickly starting to be Jewish groups within the U.S. are in Las Vegas and Phoenix, however the real variety of Jews within the nation is declining as a result of low start charges. an entire new new release of scholarship has emerged, with new information regarding every thing from the Bible and the Talmud to women's stories and the Holocaust. The individuals to this variation used the fabric of the nice students similar to Salo Baron, Cecil Roth, and Gershom Scholem as a starting place for his or her new insights, giving clients better intensity and a latest point of view. quantity 1 has an inventory of the editors and individuals. They comprise Yehuda Bauer (Hebrew University), David Ellenson (Hebrew Union College), Deborah E. Lipstadt (University of California, Los Angeles), and Xun Zhou (University of London). The encyclopedia good points entries similar to an editorial on Jewish legislation (Mishpat Ivri) written via Justice Menachem Elon, deputy president of the superb courtroom of Israel. He examines old spiritual legislations as mirrored within the courts of a latest, sovereign Jewish kingdom. Entries concerning the Bible contain either the good medieval commentators resembling Rashi and Maimonides and sleek serious literary reports of the Bible as an built-in paintings. individuals learn the assets of the Bible, its composition, and its authors. The Talmud gets related therapy, with greater than a hundred biographies of the better and lesser rabbinic figures and extra available fabric, reflecting the elevated participation of the general public in Talmudic examine. The women's viewpoint seems to be in the course of the encyclopedia, with articles approximately biblical stereotypes, their perspectives concerning the mikveh (ritual bath), and biographies of ladies either historical and glossy (Beruryah, a second-century Talmud student; Bella Abzug). Agunah (Orthodox girls who can't remarry simply because their husbands refuse to provide them non secular divorces) and insurance of the bat mitzvah and the ladies of the Wall case are different examples of the elevated emphasis on women's concerns during this variation. vast articles record the contributions of Jews to the humanities, sciences, activities, politics, and leisure. Albert Einstein, Rita Levi-Montalcini, Amos oz., and Philip Roth seem in addition to Victor Borge, Jascha Heifetz, and Sandy Koufax. all of the 50 states and the international locations of the realm, in addition to significant towns, have entries, as do museums, cultural associations, and firms. The Holocaust and Israel occupy the main a part of volumes nine and 10, respectively, reflecting their very important roles in Jewish heritage and tradition. numerous thematic outlines (for articles on historical past, faith, language and literature, Jews in global tradition, and girls) and a close index support clients pinpoint particular details. The ebook model makes use of the normal Gale interface and is offered as a part of the Gale digital Reference heart. One great function for clients who print or obtain is the choice of having the textual content in PDF layout if wanted. the second one variation of Encyclopaedia Judaica is a great addition to reference collections. through documenting the trendy Jewish adventure whereas conserving hyperlinks with its wealthy prior, it offers clients with information regarding all features of Jewish faith and tradition. This paintings acquired the 2006 Dartmouth Medal, a richly deserved award.
Read or Download Encyclopaedia Judaica (Her-Int) PDF
Best encyclopedia books
This quantity good points greater than 250 ready-to-use strength offer and battery charger circuit designs that symbolize the newest engineering practices. Rudolf F. Graf offers a pass element of glossy circuits overlaying the full variety of energy offers, in addition to battery fees compatible to be used with batteries of assorted voltages and chemistries.
Энциклопедия американских отраслей промышленности (Encyclopedia of yankee Industries -- EAI) является главным деловым справочным инструментом, который предоставляет детальную, исчерпывающую информацию относительно широкого диапазона отраслей промышленности в каждой области американского бизнеса. Первый том дает раздельный обзор 459 обрабатывающих производств.
This paintings offers quick entry to concentrated info on issues of Immunotoxicology not just for scientists and people facing laboratory facets but additionally for teachers and complicated scholars. Over 2 hundred contributing authors - together with some of the world's most sensible experts - have contributed complete essays on all proper subject matters, supplemented via key-phrase definitions of comparable phrases.
- Icons of Rock: An Encyclopedia of the Legends Who Changed Music Forever, Volumes 1-2
- Encyclopedie des sciences mathematiques
- The Ezra Pound Encyclopedia
- Encyclopedia of Major Marketing Campaigns
- Junior Worldmark Encyclopedia of the Nations (5th edition, 10-volume set, 2007)
Extra info for Encyclopaedia Judaica (Her-Int)
With their assistance Mattathias Antigonus was able to seize the throne of Judea; he captured Jerusalem and besieged Herod, Phasael, and Hyrcanus in the palace of the Hasmoneans in the city. Phasael and Hyrcanus were persuaded to leave their stronghold to negotiate with the Parthian commander, who was in Galilee at the time; Phasael was put in chains by the Parthians and committed suicide (or was killed), while Hyrcanus was taken captive. Herod succeeded in escaping from Jerusalem together with his family.
43:2). In *notarikon (“shorthand”) the letters of a word represent the initial letters of other words. Some examples are: nimreẓ et (“grievous”; Kings 2:8) alludes to no’ef (“adulterer”), mo’avi (“Moabite”), roẓ eaḥ (“murderer”), ẓ orer (“enemy”), to’evah (“abomination”; Shab. 105a). , banayikh (“thy sons”; Isa. 54:13) is read as bonayikh (“thy builders”; Ber. 64a). Where the vocalization differs from the consonantal form of the text, there is a debate as to which is to be followed in order to determine the law (Sanh.
ANTIPATER 1. E. CYPROS ALEXAS 2. E. 3. ALEXAS ENCYCLOPAEDIA JUDAICA, Second Edition, Volume 9 Lineal ancestors or descendants of Herod Assumed relationship Same person 33 Herod i (as *Augustus), Herod attained the pinnacle of his power. In 23, Augustus decided that the area of his rule be extended by the addition of territories in northern Transjordan (Trachonitis, Bashan, Auranitis). In 22/21 Herod went to Mitylene to visit Agrippa, Augustus’ son-in-law, who was acting as viceroy in the East, and there established extremely cordial relations with him.