Download Encyclopedia of Biological Chemistry - [GLOSSARY, INDEX] by W. Lennarz, M. Lane(eds) PDF

By W. Lennarz, M. Lane(eds)

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Extra info for Encyclopedia of Biological Chemistry - [GLOSSARY, INDEX]

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The word aerobic is also used. Oxic contrasts with anoxic (or anaerobic), which applies to environments in which oxygen is absent. oxidase The dehydrogenase that utilizes molecular oxygen as an immediate electron acceptor. b-oxidation A series of enzyme reactions within the mitochondria, called the mitochondrial matrix, in which fatty acid chains are progressively shortened by the removal of two-carbon units as acetyl-CoA. oxidation De-electronation reaction or abstraction of an electron from a molecule.

PAPS has been known to be the activated form of sulfate and acts as cosubstrate for the sulfation of a wide variety of substances, including proteins. par protein A protein involved in DNA partitioning at cell division. , growth factor) that is produced by a nearby cell. paralogue A homologous sequence reflecting a pair of genes related as a result of a gene duplication. paraplegia Paralysis of both lower limbs. PAR Acronym for proteinase-activated receptor. A G-proteincoupled receptor that is activated upon cleavage of the N-terminal domain by a proteinase.

Nonsense suppressor tRNAs tRNAs that contain a mutation in their anticodon sequence such that they can recognize an mRNA stop codon positioned at the ribosomal A site by standard base pair interactions. nonstandard amino acid Amino acid whose insertion is achieved by an expansion of the classical genetic code. nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) A class of drugs that effect their action by inhibiting the activity of cyclooxygenase. They have potent analgesic, antipyretic, and anti-inflammatory properties.

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