By Matthew Bunson
The advent of this encyclopedia states that it "covers crucial personalities, phrases and websites that performed a component in Roman evolution from the interval of Julius Caesar and the Gallic Wars (59-51 B.C.) to the autumn of the Empire within the West (476 A.D.)." Bunson, who lately wrote The Vampire Encyclopedia and is named "a longtime pupil of the Roman empire," has written a good ready-reference resource for the period.
The encyclopedia positive factors simply over 1,900 entries starting from a couple of phrases ("Sororia-- The identify for Juno because the goddess of puberty") to nearly 4,000. The longest entries, Christianity and Rome, are 5 pages. in keeping with a sampling, the Board estimates that with regards to 60 percentage of the entries are biographical. All entries do an enough task of defining the subject material and putting it in the right context of Roman background, even though somebody attracted to doing extra examine could be disillusioned through the shortcoming of bibliographies on the finish of entries. The 56-entry unannotated bibliography on the end of the paintings is composed totally of secondary resources and is paltry, contemplating how a lot has been written at the topic-- even bearing in mind that the quantity was once written for people with an off-the-cuff, instead of scholarly, curiosity within the topic. The reader should be brought to crucial primary-source fabric (i.e., writings of Josephus, Suetonius, Tacitus, and others) in basic terms through interpreting the entries on these writers.
The encyclopedia doesn't disappoint in its mostly first-class assurance of the Roman Empire. There are numerous entries that the final reader will be difficult pressed to discover in different reference works. Assassins, for instance, lists all emperors who have been killed in addition to who probably played the deeds; Coinage contains a record of the most cash utilized in the empire; and gala's of the Roman yr offers a month-by-month directory. even though there are such common topical articles as artwork and structure, Marriage and Divorce, and Social sessions, it truly is unusual there are not any entries for ladies or schooling, youngsters works particularly on these issues are pointed out within the bibliography.
Bunson presents a number of tables and appendixes. The creation has 8 different types ("Government," "Warfare," etc.) with lists of corresponding articles. "Chronology of significant Events" in brief lines the interval coated within the quantity. appendixes finish the paintings: "Emperors of the Roman Empire" and "Genealogies of Ruling Imperial Dynasties and Families." A thesaurus in brief defines 25 phrases (e.g., consul, princeps), even though so much phrases are outlined in additional element within the paintings right. besides cross-references, a close index additionally offers entry. The six black-and white maps are worthy.
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Extra info for Encyclopedia of the Roman Empire (Revised Edition)
This is supported by the statement made in the Bellum Alexandrinum that the harbor had been designed in such a way to prevent serious fires. E. 200,000 rolls to Cleopatra, probably taken from the library of Pergamum. The remnants of the library suffered a series of disastrous losses over the next centuries. , Queen ZENOBIA of Nabataea launched a war against Emperor AURELIAN and struck into Egypt. The harbor of Alexandria was badly damaged, and it is likely that most of what remained of the library burned in that calamity.
Julius Caesar gave Antioch its own municipal standing. Subsequently, the city was a base of operations for the Roman campaigns against Parthia. , Antony prepared for his abortive Parthian campaign there, and the city was marked by an increasing administrative and martial presence because of the threat posed by the eastern empires. Augustus stationed at least one legion in the city, which kept the peace and acted as a reserve for the troops on patrol in the north of the province. Emperor Tiberius furthered the Roman presence by instituting a considerable building program of theaters and temples.
The exact numbers of scrolls, parchments, rolls, and volumes has been reported variously by different ancient writers. , although it is thought that he meant 400,000; Demetrius Phalereus put the number of 200,000; Orosius counted 400,000; and Aulus Gellius gave the highest estimate at 700,000. The structure of the library was apparently situated in the Brucchium (northeast) sector of the city, perhaps next to the palace grounds. The library was also adjacent to gardens, columns, laboratories, surgeries, zoological gardens, and study areas that assisted the work of scholars.