Bettering city security and safety addresses 3 significant threats to the security and safety of towns: crime and violence; lack of confidence of tenure and compelled evictions; and common and human-made mess ups. It analyses around the globe tendencies with appreciate to every of those threats, paying specific awareness to their underlying explanations and affects, in addition to to the nice rules and most sensible practices which have been followed on the urban, nationwide and foreign degrees in an effort to handle those threats. The record adopts a human defense standpoint, fascinated with the security and safety of individuals instead of of states, and highlights concerns that may be addressed via applicable city coverage, making plans, layout and governance.
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Extra resources for Enhancing Urban Safety and Security - Global Report on Human Settlements 2007
Crime and violence are not random; as such, they can be studied in order to address underlying causal factors, as well as through direct measures to confront them. For example, some cities are already known as safe, while others seem to have cultivated ‘cultures of fear’, frequently with a major role played by the local media. Yet other cities have become ‘safer’ over the years from crime and violence. It is possible to examine why and how and to use this knowledge to design measures to reduce insecurity.
5 million) from the Indian Ocean Tsunami of December 2004 and the Pakistan earthquake of October 2005, which killed 86,000 people and left millions homeless. Moreover, losses during disaster and Key findings and messages reconstruction deepen existing socio-economic inequalities, thus creating vicious cycles of loss and vulnerability. Especially in poorer countries, women and children tend to be most affected by disasters, as observed in the aftermath of the 2005 Indian Ocean Tsunami. The elderly and those with disabilities are often among the most vulnerable to natural and human-made hazards.
Such direct assistance should be part of a package that also includes continuing and strengthening international cooperation in tackling various types of organized crime, such as trafficking of drugs, arms and people – all of which have international dimensions. There are several examples of international support that have been of immense importance to particular cities. For example, assistance from the US has been a key factor in recent efforts at tackling crime and violence in Kingston (Jamaica).