By J. Loomis, Gloria Helfand
1. ENVIRONMENTAL coverage research: WHAT AND WHY? Why environmental coverage research? Environmental matters are growing to be in visibility in neighborhood, nationwide, and global arenas, as a myriad of human actions ends up in elevated affects at the flora and fauna. concerns equivalent to weather switch, endangered species, barren region security, and effort use are on a regular basis at the entrance pages of newspapers. Governments in any respect degrees are suffering from the way to handle those concerns. Environmental coverage research is meant to give the environmental and social affects of regulations, within the desire that larger judgements will outcome whilst humans have greater details on which to base these judgements. undertaking environmental coverage research calls for those who comprehend what it really is and the way to do it. studying it additionally calls for these talents. we are hoping that this booklet increases the skills, either one of analysts and of decision-makers, to appreciate and interpret the affects of environmental regulations. coverage research books virtually always start through declaring that coverage research can take many types. This e-book isn't any diverse. As you can see in bankruptcy 1, we think about coverage research to be info supplied for the coverage strategy. That info can take many kinds, from subtle empirical research to basic theoretical effects, from precis records to online game theoretic thoughts.
Read or Download Environmental Policy Analysis for Decision Making (The Economics of Non-Market Goods and Resources) PDF
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Additional info for Environmental Policy Analysis for Decision Making (The Economics of Non-Market Goods and Resources)
Typically, a policy analyst cannot conduct the detailed studies truly necessary to understand the effects of a policy. Either time, resources, or technical skills may not be available to you. However, poor or inappropriate information can lead to bad policy decisions. You would like to provide the decision-maker with the best possible insights into the effects of each alternative, especially if the decision on which alternative will be chosen hinges on these effects. As a policy analyst, you will need to balance the need for speed with the necessity of accuracy.
Collecting data can be very expensive and time-consuming, and getting worthwhile results requires careful planning on how to gather the information. If your resources are limited, you are likely to be better off using existing studies 2. Scoping the Policy Analysis and data as much as possible. If, however, you cannot identify any prior studies of your subject of interest, you have a choice of either obtaining the necessary resources to conduct the study on your own, or you can try to extrapolate from existing research that is not directly related to your study.
If uncertainty is prevalent in the area of study, it will be important to present ranges of results as well as just the mean. If there is any risk aversion, then a decision-maker is probably not indifferent between two alternatives with the same average effects but different ranges of outcomes. For instance, suppose that two alternatives have a mean or expected value of $50 million in costs, but one’s possible costs range from $1 million to $99 million, and the other has possible costs ranging from $48 million to $52 million.