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By Claire G. Williams

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Extra info for Evolutionary Dynamics of Forests Under Climate Change

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Bot Rev 65:39–75 Jackson ST, Overpeck JT (2000) Responses of plant populations and communities to environmental changes of the late Quaternary. Paleobiology 26(Suppl 4):194–220 References and Related Readings 15 Jackson S, Weng C (1999) Late Quaternary extinction of a tree species in eastern North America. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 96:13847–13852 Jackson S, Williams J (2004) Modern analogs in Quaternary paleoecology: here today, gone yesterday, gone tomorrow? Annu Rev Earth Planet Sci 32:495–537 Jackson ST, Webb RS et al (2000) Vegetation and environment in eastern North America during the last glacial maximum.

To do this, the taxon’s climate-space must be assumed to be its ecological niche and that the taxon is in equilibrium with its present climate-space. Its equilibrium climate-space is now shifted across map coordinates until it aligns with the future climate change scenario which most closely fits its climate space and this will be its new range. Northward range expansion is typically predicted for many Northern Hemisphere species as shown by three climate envelope models discussed here. The oldest Pinus taeda climate envelope model comes from a study reported by Hocker (1956).

Yet another population shows evidence of past hybridization with a closely related species, Pinus contorta. Massive migration, local persistence and even occasional hybridization with other species are among the population-level responses within a single species. 6 Locally persistent populations are the shortcut to recolonizing between glacial events. 3 Extinction of Picea critichfieldii The enigmatic extinction of Picea critichfieldii is the best documented evidence to date. This species once had a range in North America’s lower Mississippi Valley as determined by its fossil ovulate cones and needles.

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