By Peter W. Culicover
This publication brings jointly Peter Culicover's most crucial observations at the nature of syntax and its position in the structure of language. Over 4 a long time he has sought to appreciate the psychological procedure within which linguistic expressions are processed. This has led him to re-formulate the stability among the necessities of interpretation and the position of syntactic constitution; to check the character of the empirical foundation within which specific structural analyses will be utilized to linguistic expressions; and to think about the level to which such analyses mirror decisions dependent not just on linguistic competence yet on computations constructed during buying or utilizing a language.
After a short a retrospective the writer opens the e-book with the easier Syntax speculation, the pioneering article written with Ray Jackendoff that essentially rebalances the weather of grammar. The paintings is then divided into components involved largely with representations, constructions, and computation. The chapters are supplied with contextual headnotes and footnote references to next paintings, yet are differently revealed primarily as they first appeared.
Peter Culicover's vigorous and unique views on syntax and grammar will attract all theoretical linguists and their complex scholars.
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Extra resources for Explaining Syntax: Representations, Structures, and Computation
2 Do consequential OM-sentences have if’s in deep structure? Having concluded that there is not a fully speciﬁed sentence underlying the NP in an OM-sentence, we can reduce the question of whether if and then underlie consequential OM-sentences to the question of whether the deep structure of such sentences is (61). (61) If NP then S First of all, we must take note of the fact that positing such a deep structure would be ad hoc, since there is no surface structure which is different from the surface structure of an OM-sentence yet which must be derived from the deep structure in (61).
In order for this to be the case the right-hand conjunct must have an exaggerated stress contour. (26) John has two cases of beer, and I’m going home. From this we could conclude that there is a fourth reading for the conjunction and. However, we must observe that it is through the presence of the emphatic stress contour that the second clause is linked with the ﬁrst in (26). Otherwise there is no necessary connection between the two at all, and the juxtapositional reading is possible. So we may conclude that the juxtapositional reading has two variants: (a) pure juxtaposition, where there is no connection between the two clauses aside from their being uttered in the same sentence, and (b) linked juxtaposition, or incongruence, where abnormal stress is present, and as a consequence some notion of exceptionality is associated with the fact of juxtaposition itself.
93) CONS future : ‘I would have gone’ irrealis ANTE future : ‘you go’ irrealis By (90b) we get (94). (94) ANTE past perfect : ‘you go’ irrealis In comparing the entries for ANTE in (93) and (94) we discover that there is a contradiction. By such a method as the preceding we can represent the unacceptability of (91). We can use a rule like (90b) in the following way: it assigns certain semantic characteristics to a portion of the representation. If this portion of the representation has been assigned the same semantic characteristics by other rules, then the representation is consistent.