Download Exploring Maya Ritual Caves: Dark Secrets from the Maya by Stanislav Chládek PDF

By Stanislav Chládek

Exploring Maya Ritual Caves bargains an extraordinary survey and explication of lots of the identified old Maya ritual caves in Mexico, Guatemala, and Belize. The caves have been the Maya underworld, the place rituals, together with animal and human sacrifice, have been conducted. The Maya cave cult and mythology, building and amendment of the caves, and cult artwork and artifacts are mentioned. Chládek, an intrepid explorer, then describes vital caves that he has lately visited and gives images in their wonders.

Show description

Read or Download Exploring Maya Ritual Caves: Dark Secrets from the Maya Underworld PDF

Best central america books

Bad Sex

“I drink, I harm myself and the folk round me, after which I write. ” Brett is in imperative the United States, clear of her husband, whilst she starts off a love affair together with his pal, Eduard. Tragedy and comedy are effectively joined on the hip during this loosely autobiographical ebook approximately infidelity, consuming, and the suspending of repercussions less than the solar.

The Rough Guide to the Internet

This multi-million-selling net ebook continues to be the last word guide for beginners and specialists alike. Written in undeniable English, it covers every thing from getting on-line for the 1st time to newsfeeds, web telephony and complicated assistance and tips sure to flip informal surfers into web experts. This totally revised consultant covers all of the most up-to-date websites and crazes, together with Skype, running a blog, myspace and different social networks and on-line video.

The Artifacts of Tikal: Utilitarian Artifacts and Unworked Material: Tikal Report 27B

Occupied constantly for 1,500 years, Tikal was once an important demographic, financial, administrative, and formality heart of its zone. the gathering of fabrics recovered at Tikal is the biggest and so much different recognized from the Lowlands. This publication presents a huge physique of fundamental information. The artifacts, represented through such uncooked fabrics as chert and shell are categorised via kind, quantity, , attainable historical use, shape, fabric, measurement, and such secondary variations as ornament and transforming, in addition to by way of spatial distribution, prevalence within the quite a few sorts of constitution teams, restoration context, and date.

Extra resources for Exploring Maya Ritual Caves: Dark Secrets from the Maya Underworld

Example text

57). The Maya also conducted secondary burials, bringing to the caves whole or partial skeletons after removing the flesh from the bodies elsewhere. Although burials and sacrifices are sometimes difficult to distinguish, it is clear that many of the human remains found in caves are those of people who were sacrificed to appease the underworld deities. Distinguishing burials and sacrifices is further complicated by the action of underground waters, which move light human bones and obscure their original context.

4. Cenote Dzitnup, near Valladolid, Yucatán, Mexico. 5. Entryway to the temple in Chicanna, Campeche, Mexico. The temple doorway mimics the fanged mouth of the Earth (Witz) Monster, an entry into the sacred place. Cave Rituals It is unclear why some caves were more important to the Maya than others, or whether different ceremonies were conducted in different caves and what otherwise differentiated the caves. Certainly caves with underground water, either cenotes or rivers, were the most sacred.

5), and built the steps from speleothems. 6). As in surface sites, the Maya erected stone slabs, as stelae, in some caves. indb 40 6/20/11 10:43 AM Caves and the Maya / 41 because the Maya associated verticality with the status of sanctity. This is evident in Maya cities with their high temples and stelae. The vertical monuments demarcated holy areas and were erected in particular chambers reserved for elite rituals. Stalagmites and stalactites, with their natural verticality, were probably regarded by the Maya as sacred monuments.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.70 of 5 – based on 33 votes