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By Sam S Rakover; Baruch Cahlon

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In this sense, it is worth noting that the egg-head, as a facial pattern, obliges us to interpret the inverted nose as a strange nose, a pig’s snout. 5. Discussion of Tasks of Facial-Cognition From the discussion in this chapter, two conceptually linked problems arise, and they will accompany us henceforth: (a) tasks and specificity — are the above tasks characteristic only for the sphere of face recognition? and (b) tasks and explanation — what is the connection between the task as an instrument for describing a facial phenomenon and the explanation of this phenomenon?

We may wonder, How old is Ruth? What kind of a mood is she in? Do we know her? If we do, when did we last see her? And in her face we look for clues, clues which may help us to identify her age, her mood, what her eyes are saying, and more. Whoever looks at Ruth thus performs at terrific speed, and sometimes even without realizing it, many facial information processing procedures that provide him or her with answers to a multitude of questions. These answers will largely determine how the observer will relate to Ruth.

Require a brief clarifying comment. The tasks are not quite mutually exclusive and may overlap to some extent. , C) in that in both cases the subject is asked to decide if the face (or part of it) appeared in the series of faces shown earlier. 3. Significance of Categorization of Facial-Cognition Tasks The categorization proposed here has several methodological and theoretical implications concerning the degree of validity (and reliability) of each task. 2. Classification of recognition tasks. A.

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