By Amedeo Fossati, Giorgio Panella
To what volume should still neighborhood and nearby governments within the eu Union be allowed to figure out their very own monetary regulations? This booklet explores the middle problems with financial federalism within the eu context. It combines theoretical and empirical research in addressing such questions as: what kind of monetary federalism is acceptable within the eu neighborhood, what are the hazards of extra centralization, and what are the prices of larger decentralization.
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G. the French taxes fonciers, the German Grundsteuer B, and so on. This approach was already followed in a previous study for the EC Commission. more—compared to Italy—objective factors included as proxy for the ability to pay of the enterprise. It must be stressed, however, that the importance of revenues from local business taxation within the budgets of the six countries is quite different from one case to another. 9). 3 Subcentral taxation in the EU: further information from the 15 surveys More detailed information on subcentral tax revenues in the 15 EU member countries has been obtained from the 15 studies carried out for the EU Commission.
7 that the share of intermediate and local taxes in the overall national tax revenue can be as low as 1–4 per cent, but the shares of public expenditure are never so low. Even in the Nordic countries, where over 50 per cent of public expenditure comes from decentralised governments, the share of tax revenues barely reaches one-third of total national tax revenue. 11. It must be admitted that the standardisation 42 GIANCARLO POLA of the data is imperfect and some pieces of information are shaky, but the overall results cannot be seriously objected to.
In most cases changes in tax shares are exactly matched by inverse changes in grant shares, but not automatically. 13 tells the story in terms of incidence on GDP of the same revenue sources. 5–1 per cent (less than in the United States). 9 per cent). 13 Incidence on GDP of the various types of revenue, 1980–93 (federal and unitary countries of the EU and USA). countries the overall incidence of revenues on GDP tends to decrease in half of the countries (Denmark is the most outstanding example), while in the other half there are increases, some of which are very impressive (see Spain, which trebles the figure).