By Laura J. Enríquez
One of many important goals of the Sandinista executive in Nicaragua was once to finish the exploitation of the agricultural terrible. yet its makes an attempt to advertise balanced fiscal improvement and redistribute agricultural assets created hard work shortages that threatened the country's monetary lifeline. New employment possibilities created via agrarian reform disenchanted the fragile stability constructed in pre-revolution years to fulfill the exertions specifications of Nicaragua's key vegetation, cotton and low. Laura Enr?quez studied this challenge largely whereas operating in Nicaragua among 1982 and 1989, and in Harvesting swap she presents a different research of the dilemmas of reform in an agrarian society.Enr?quez describes the conventional hard work kinfolk of Nicaragua's agroexport creation and descriptions their breakdown as agrarian reform complicated. She additionally assesses the choices followed by means of the Sandinista executive because it tried to deal with the predicament. Her e-book relies on player remark and on formal and casual interviews with a extensive move part of humans focused on agricultural construction, together with officers thinking about agrarian reform, making plans, and exertions; manufacturers; employees; and representatives from institutions of growers, employees, and peasants.By featuring agrarian reform in its large social context, Enr?quez makes and critical contribution to our figuring out of the issues linked to the transition to socialism within the 3rd global.
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Extra resources for Harvesting change: labor and agrarian reform in Nicaragua, 1979-1990
Page 1 1 The Problem of Breaking Out of Dependent Capitalist Development The overthrow of Nicaraguan dictator Anastasio Somoza Debayle on July 19, 1979, marked a turning point for all of Latin America. Not since the overthrow of Fulgencio Batista in Cuba in January 1959 and the ill-fated Chilean experiment in the early 1970s had any country in the hemisphere experienced such a fundamental break with its heritage of extreme underdevelopment, inequality, and dependence on its northern neighbor, the United States.
Thus the Postscript attempts to bring the study up to the present time, touching on later occurrences related to the key issues that emerged in the early years of transformation. A variety of methods were used to conduct the research. They included participant observation, formal and informal interviews, and archival research. In-depth interviews were conducted with a cross section of the population connected with agricultural production. Interviews were held with high-level officials from the ministries of Agricultural Development and Agrarian Reform, Planning (Later the Secretariat of Planning and Budget), and Labor, the National Development Bank, and the Central Bank; those conducting research on the agrarian reform; small-, medium-, and large-sized agricultural producers and members of cooperatives; representatives from the agricultural workers' union, the union of small- and medium-sized farmers, and private sector organizations; both volunteer and traditional harvest workers; agrarian reform technicians; and representatives from a multinational agricultural inputs corporation.
19 The peasant or campesino sector can be divided into the rich and middle peasantry, who own or have access to between ten and fifty manzanas of land, and the poor peasantry, who have access to fewer than ten manzanas. 6 percent of the agricultural EAP in 1978 and produced most of the country's commercial crop of basic grains, as well as participating to a limited degree in export crop production (particularly coffee production). 4 percent of the agricultural EAP, and it produced primarily for its own consumption.