Download Haven of Liberty: New York Jews in the New World, 1654-1865 by Howard B. Rock PDF

By Howard B. Rock

Haven of Liberty chronicles the coming of the 1st Jews to ny in 1654 and highlights the function of republicanism in shaping their id and associations. Rock follows the Jews of NewYork in the course of the Dutch and British colonial eras, the yankee Revolution and early republic, and the antebellum years, finishing with a path-breaking account in their outlook and behaviour throughout the Civil struggle. Overcoming major obstacles, those brave women and men laid the principles for one of many world’s finest Jewish cities.

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Extra resources for Haven of Liberty: New York Jews in the New World, 1654-1865 (City of Promises, Vol. 1)

Sample text

As historian Eli Faber notes, “Whether Sephardic or Ashkenazi, Jews who settled in colonial America . . ” Even if one began as a shopkeeper, he wanted to die as a merchant. 7 Among the more interesting Sephardic Jewish merchants was Joseph Bueno de Mesquita, whose life spanned nearly a century. Born in the early seventeenth century near the Spanish-French border, he moved first to Amsterdam, where he married in 1641, and finally to New York around 1680. Until his death in 1708, he traded with London and the Caribbean.

So few Jews settled in New Amsterdam. Prominent merchants, men who might have become the core of a vital Dutch Jewish community, departed by 1660. A few additional Jewish traders ventured to America and returned to Amsterdam in the years before the Dutch residents capitulated to a British fleet in 1664, but no Jewish mercantile community emerged. Only a handful of Jewish residents lived in the city in the 1660s. If there was greater freedom and opportunity in Amsterdam and larger Jewish communities in Suriname and Curaçao, why stay in New Amsterdam?

Colonial (but not English) Jews could hold office and vote. Between 1688 and 1770, fifty-seven Jewish residents of New York were admitted to freemanship, which carried the right to engage in a retail trade, to vote in municipal and colonial elections, and to hold public office, with or without real property. The rights won by the Jews of New Amsterdam with difficulty against Calvinist Stuyvesant were part and parcel of the English governing outlook in New York. 3 ■ Colonial New York Early in the British colonial era, Dutch and increasingly dominant English interests clashed in New York, leading to Leisler’s Rebellion in 1689, an attempt A Merchant Community ■ 27 to restore Dutch Calvinist governance.

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