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By Tanja R. Muller

This moment book within the ''AWLAE'' sequence on HIV/AIDS and agriculture in sub-Saharan Africa discusses the gender size of HIV/AIDS effect at loved ones and group point. It does so in utilizing the threefold typology of gender particular constraints, gender intensified hazards and gender imposed constraints. specified foci of realization contain the consequences of gender constraints for meals protection in rural settings, the place girls are the most manufacturers of meals plants in addition to the most caregivers; and the way cultural norms be certain different innovations open to ladies unlike males in mitigating the results of the epidemic. This final aspect offers the hyperlink to the final booklet within the sequence, which discusses agricultural mitigation concepts within the context of HIV/AIDS as a problem to human improvement. The textual content is by way of an annotated bibliography

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29 At the same time, intergenerational knowledge on farming methods and other skills are lost. The HIV/AIDS epidemic might thus undermine the sustainability of the agricultural sector as a whole (Sy, 2001). 28 Concerning mitigation, this suggests that food and nutrition security should be key elements in any response to HIV/AIDS. 29 In this context, see also the ‘new variant famine’ hypothesis discussed in part one of the series (Müller, 2004a; de Waal, 2003; de Waal & Tumushabe, 2003). HIV/AIDS, gender and rural livelihoods in sub-Saharan Africa 51 5.

Property grabbing is also said to increase with increasing levels of poverty within a specific geographical setting (FAO, 2004). A second gender intensified constraint related to widowhood comes to the fore here: the social fabric of many rural African societies has been woven over centuries around traditions such as wife inheritance, serving as a social security system and safety net for widows who have limited rights to land or property. Under traditional rules wives and their children become property of the man’s clan, in particular in societies where a man is required to pay a brideprice to the family of his future wife.

Under traditional rules wives and their children become property of the man’s clan, in particular in societies where a man is required to pay a brideprice to the family of his future wife. The practice of widow inheritance ensures that the clan keeps the widow and her children as part of its ‘wealth’. Wife inheritance comes in different forms, but mostly includes sexual relations between the widow and one of the brothers of the deceased husband. Such practices have survived because they have a vital social and economic function, but might become a death sentence for parts of the extended family if the deceased husband died of AIDS related causes as the widow is likely to equally carry the virus.

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