By Cecilia Wong
This booklet specializes in the dimension and utilisation of quantitative signs within the city and local making plans fields. there was a resurgence of educational and coverage curiosity in utilizing symptoms to notify making plans, partially in accordance with the present government's details extensive method of decision-making. The content material of the booklet falls into 3 vast sections: signs utilization and policy-making; methodological and belief concerns; and case reports of coverage signs.
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Extra resources for Indicators for Urban and Regional Planning: The Interplay of Policy and Methods (Rtpi Library Series)
Multivariate analyses were then carried out to examine the structure of relationships among the compiled LED indicators (Wong 2001, 2002a) and the relative strengths of relationship between the LED indicators and various performance variables (Wong 2002a). Despite the fact that there was not a specific policy client for the ESRC project, a significant data collection exercise was carried out to elicit views from policy-makers on LED issues, both through questionnaire surveys and in-depth interviews.
Since resources for public service delivery are highly constrained, the idea is to use consumer demand as a lever to manage the supply of these services. This can be seen as a shift from a resource-led to a demand-led management regime. Another important signal projected from the government’s monitoring guidelines is the increasing emphasis on the longer-term horizon of outcome and impact measurement (DTLR 2002; HM Government 1999b; ODPM 2002a, 2003b, 2005b). This coincides with the latest guidelines issued by the CHANG I NG E T H O S O F I N D I C ATO R U S A G E 39 European Commission (2000a) over the monitoring of the new programme of structural assistance.
This was partly because the top-ten most deprived areas according to the 1981 Deprivation Index were all London Boroughs, which would benefit most under the new rate support grant allocation regime. This top-down approach adopted by central government to resource allocation, mainly via consistent and systematic analyses of a variety of chosen quantitative indices to measure the relative level of local needs, has become both a technical as well as a political exercise. At the height of the Urban Programme, according to Cullingworth and Nadin (2002: 297), over 10,000 projects, costing £236 million (1992–3 figure), were funded each year in the fifty-seven Urban Programme Areas, as identified by the 1981 Index.