By Mitsuhiro Kagami, Masatsugu Tsuji, Emanuele Giovannetti
The proliferation of latest info applied sciences during the global has raised a few very important questions for policymakers as to how constructing international locations can reap the benefits of their diffusion. this significant quantity compares the benefits and downsides of the IT revolution via distinct reports of quite a few built and constructing countries and areas: Argentina, Estonia, the european, India, Japan, Korea, Mexico, South Africa, Thailand and the us. The authors deal with a few demanding matters equivalent to standardization, IT within the mass media, Public Key Infrastructure, upstream connectivity and pricing, and draw out vital coverage implications for late-comers during this box - predominantly constructing nations. They spotlight the hazards of IT coverage resembling the electronic divide and monopoly of possession, but additionally illustrate the capability advantages equivalent to 'leapfrogging' the industrialization procedure and the growth of broadband services. This amazing quantity should be crucial analyzing for lecturers and researchers with an curiosity in improvement economics, software legislation and know-how coverage. it's going to even be of significant useful price to foreign policymakers and governments within the constructing international who desire to study extra concerning the charges and merits of legislation and deregulation within the IT undefined.
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Additional resources for Information Technology Policy and the Digital Divide: Lessons for Developing Countries
Compared with a satellite circuit set up by VSAT, ISDN, if available, can much more simply and economically implement an international distance learning program between two points if lectures are transmitted at regular intervals such as one week or so. 2. The recent PC-based TV conference system enables high quality transmission and voice presentation together with clear video images of class scenes and lecture documents in a sufficient resolution to the receiving side. If lecture documents are prepared so as to fulfill their functions, quite satisfactory results will be achieved in international distance learning over ISDN circuits even at a low speed of 128Kbps.
InfoCom (2001), p. 114. 5. In addition to monthly charges, US$250 to cover initial service fees are required. 6. In the fiscal 2002 budget, for example, funds are planned to subsidize half of the costs of local governments for deploying optical fibre networks around public facilities such as schools, town halls, and hospitals. 7. Regarding these issues, see Tsuji (2003), pp. 47–9. 8. In the case of NTT East, there are about 3000 telephone stations, and less than one-third have been converted to DSL.
In the fiscal 2002 budget, for example, funds are planned to subsidize half of the costs of local governments for deploying optical fibre networks around public facilities such as schools, town halls, and hospitals. 7. Regarding these issues, see Tsuji (2003), pp. 47–9. 8. In the case of NTT East, there are about 3000 telephone stations, and less than one-third have been converted to DSL. 9. The term ‘fixed’ implies that receiving terminals such as wireless antennas are fixed to houses, for instance.