By Gregory J. Inwood
In a hugely networked international, the place governments needs to take care of more and more complicated and inter-related coverage difficulties, the skill of coverage makers to paintings intergovernmentally isn't really an alternative yet a need. Gregory Inwood, Carolyn Johns, and Patricia O'Reilly provide distinctive insights into intergovernmental coverage potential, revealing what key decision-makers and coverage advisors behind the curtain imagine the boundaries are to more desirable intergovernmental coverage skill and what adjustments they suggest. Senior public servants from all jurisdictions in Canada talk about the tips, associations, actors, and kin that help or hamper intergovernmental coverage capability. protecting sturdy and undesirable fiscal occasions and evaluating insiders' issues and suggestions with these of students of federalism, public coverage, and public management, they supply a comparative research of significant coverage parts throughout fourteen governments. Intergovernmental coverage ability, whereas of accelerating value, isn't good understood. by way of analyzing how the Canadian federation copes with cutting-edge coverage demanding situations, the authors supply guideposts for federations and governments world wide engaged on the main coverage problems with our day.
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Extra info for Intergovernmental Policy Capacity in Canada: Inside the Worlds of Finance, Environment, Trade, and Health
For example, “executive federalism,” “fiscal imbalance,” “sustainable development,” “free trade,” and “privatization” are ideas familiar to anyone following developments in intergovernmental relations, finance, environment, trade, and health policy in Canada. The collective consciousness, congruence, and salience of ideas matter. The cultural climate and ideological bent of politicians, public servants, citizens, or organized interest groups may have considerable influence on their decisions, resource allocations, and degree of engagement.
Fundamentally, ideas also relate to the exercise of power in the federation – who has it, how it is enacted, and who pays. Political actors in Canada, primarily first ministers (the prime minister and provincial and territorial premiers), expend a significant amount of energy in the ongoing ideational contest of defining the nature of the 34 Intergovernmental Policy Capacity in Canada f ederation, and making it work according to their vision of its goals and purposes. The patriation of the Canadian Constitution in 1982 without the signature of the province of Quebec, subsequent failed efforts to reform the constitution under the Meech Lake and Charlottetown Accords (discussed below) in the late 1980s and early 1990s, and the near-victory of the separatists in the Quebec referendum on sovereignty in 1995 all had significant implications for the ideas, assumptions, and approaches to intergovernmental relations in Canada.
While much of the literature has focused on policy capacity within jurisdictions, in connecting this with the federalism litera ture, our study set out to examine other, richer dimensions of policy capacity, those within, between, and across jurisdictions. This 16 Intergovernmental Policy Capacity in Canada c onceptualization was in keeping with increasing recognition in the late 1990s and early 2000s, in the policy and public administration literature, of the need for managing complex networks (Kickert, Klijn, and Koppenjan 1997) and the emerging intergovernmental features in even unitary systems like the United Kingdom and multilevel systems like the European Union.