By Keith Crane
Iran is likely one of the most crucial U.S. overseas coverage matters yet is awfully tough to have interaction. The authors verify present political, ethnic, demographic, and monetary traits and vulnerabilities in Iran, then provide tips about U.S. guidelines that may foster the developments priceless to U.S. pursuits. in spite of the fact that, if those traits do take root in Iran, seeing them come to fruition will take time and, consequently, endurance.
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Extra resources for Iran's Political, Demographic, and Economic Vulnerabilities
16 As a consequence, traditionalists have increasingly come to dominate the Majlis. Military The Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) is the most politically important military force in Iran. It exists in parallel to the Artesh, the regular army. 17 The IRGC was created in 1979 to defend the Islamic Revolution and to support Ayatollah Khomeini. During the Iran-Iraq War, the IRGC’s role expanded as it became increasingly involved in the war. Today, the IRGC ﬁelds 150,000 soldiers and has air, land, and naval capabilities.
On the one hand, birthrates have plummeted, easing pressures to build new schools and provide for a rising wave of children. On the other hand, the children born during the baby boom of the 1980s are now entering adulthood and looking for work. Through 2017, Iranian governments will continue to face great pressure to create more employment opportunities for this cohort. In Chapter Five, we describe the major economic policy challenges the Iranian government will face through 2017. The Iranian government must eﬀectively use this period of high oil prices on the world market and recent increases in Iran’s oil output to accelerate growth in 4 Iran’s Political, Demographic, and Economic Vulnerabilities incomes and employment opportunities.
Hasan Rowhani, in his role as Secretary of the SNSC, was Iran’s chief negotiator on nuclear issues with the European Union. He also visited Kuwait, Yemen, the United 18 Vali Nasr and Ali Gheissari, “Foxes in Iran’s Henhouse,” New York Times, December 13, 2004. 19 Nasr and Gheissari, 2004. 20 Gareth Smyth, “Iran-Risky Business,” Financial Times Business Limited: The Banker, December 1, 2004. 21 Takeyh, 2006, p. 157. 23 Ali Larijani replaced Rowhani as secretary in August 2005. He headed Iran’s team negotiating nuclear issues with foreign states and organizations until October 2007.