By Stewart Lone
This can be a research of the warfare which proven Japan's photograph as a warrior state, a picture which in lots of methods persists this present day. utilizing broad jap fabrics, together with the letters of frontline troops and provincial newspapers, it offers the various adventure either one of squaddies and civilians, and divulges how battle sped up the modernization of jap society. incorporated are such themes because the squaddies' impressions of responsibility, state and their "fellow" Asians; the function of the emperor as commander-in-chief; using the struggle in faculties; and the actions of small company, institutional faith and patriotic societies.
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Additional info for Japans First Modern War: Army and Society in the Conflict with China, 1894-95
Other professional military observers also considered Japanese forces superior. A British lieutenantcolonel, E. G. Barrow, reported in mid-1894: I came to Japan expecting to see some miserable parody of a third-rate European soldier: instead, I find an army in every sense of the word admirably organised, splendidly equipped, thoroughly drilled, and strangest thing of all in an Oriental people, cheaply and honestly administered . . 22 Praise from Caesar notwithstanding, the Japanese forces were undernourished, undersized (the average height of conscripts in the Azabu catchment area for Tokyo-fu in 1891 was just 154 centimetres), and largely untested.
These were quick and easy victories against untrained troops and, at that point, it appeared that Japan had no enemy but time, the weather and itself: on 12 November, fire erupted in Hiroshima at an army camp nearby the imperial headquarters and brought much of the city population out either to watch or help quell the flames; more than sixty troops were killed or injured. Ten days later another fire erupted at dead of night in Hiroshima military stores, only serving to keep the city on tenterhooks.
He described something of his experience in the Tokyo Nichi Nichi of 1 October: As I arrived, our artillery had set up a gun emplacement about six to seven hundred metres to my rear and battle commenced between their guns and ours. Our shells came skimming only ten metres above my head, while those of the enemy passed no more than twenty to thirty metres above and occasionally landed around me. I took temporary refuge in a Korean graveyard but a couple of enemy shells landed there, hurling sand and earth into my face.