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This ebook investigates the heritage and nature of the Ottoman Jihad proclamation, but in addition its results within the wider center East. It appears to be like on the German hopes and British fears of a global emerging of Muslims within the colonial empires. It additionally discusses the fierce educational debates as a result of the Jihad proclamation, within which the 1915 manifesto of Leiden Islam student Christiaan Snouck Hurgronje (“Holy struggle Made in Germany”) performed a key function.
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Additional resources for Jihad and Islam in World War I
He combined his cosmopolitan vision with an endorsement of the colonial project aimed at civilizing Muslims and thereby bringing them from the Middle Ages to modernity. Education of an elite and the separation of religion and politics, implying religious freedom for Muslims to practise their rituals, were important tools for creating this modernity. This international project would contribute to world peace and progress, for which he considered some elements from the Islamic tradition more apt than Christianity.
Studying the scholars’ involvement in the war effort enables me also to contribute to bigger issues in what has become known as the “Orientalism” debate due to Edward Said’s famous book. It is striking to see how much has been written about the German involvement in the Ottoman Jihad declaration and about this very polemic. The analyses of, and ethical judgements on, these scholars by students of our time and their disagreements on this reveal profound shifts in the self-understanding of scholars and their role in society.
P. 303, n. 1. Engberts, Orientalists at War, pp. 5–6. Becker, Islamstudien ii, p. 304. Peter Heine, “C. H. Becker. Ein Beitrag zur Geschichte der angewandten Orientalistik”, Die Welt des Islams 2324(1992) no. 1, pp. 378–387; Ludmila Hanisch, “Gelehrtenverständnis, wissenschaftliche Rationalität und politische ‘Emotionen’. Ein Nachtrag”, Die Welt des Islams 32(1992) no. 1, pp. 108– 123; Dietrich Jung, “The ‘Ottoman-German Jihad’: Lessons for the Contemporary ‘Area Studies’ Controversy”, British Journal of Middle Eastern Studies 41(2014) no.