By Koen Lamberts, David R. Shanks
The learn of psychological illustration is a crucial quandary in modern cognitive psychology. wisdom, recommendations, and different types is uncommon in that it provides key conclusions from around the various subfields of cognitive psychology. Readers will locate info from many parts, together with developmental psychology, formal modeling, neuropsychology, connectionism, and philosophy. the trouble of penetrating the elemental operations of the brain is mirrored in a few ongoing debates discussed—for instance, do targeted mind structures underlie the purchase and garage of implicit and particular wisdom, or can the facts be accommodated via a single-system account of data illustration? The ebook could be divided into 3 unique components. Chapters 1 via five supply an advent to the sector; each one offers a scientific evaluate of an important element of analysis on thoughts and different types. Chapters 6 via nine are involved basically with concerns regarding the taxonomy of human wisdom. ultimately, Chapters 10 via 12 talk about formal versions of categorization and serve as studying. participants: Jerome R. Busemeyer, Eunhee Byun, Nick Chater, Paul De Boeck, Edward L. Delosh, Thomas Goschke, Ulrike Hahn, James Hampton, Evan Heit, Barbara Knowlton, Koen Lamberts, Mary E. Lassaline, Mark A. McDaniel, George L. Murphy, Larissa ok. Samuelson, David Shanks, Linda B. Smith, Gert Storms, Bruce W. A. Whittlesea.
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Additional info for Knowledge, Concepts, and Categories (Studies in Cognition)
L . Goldstone , D . Gentner . 1993 . Respects for similarity . Psychological Review 100, 254- 78. Medin , D . L . & E . Heit , in press . Categorization . In Handbook of cognition and perception , D . E . Rumelhart & B . O . Martin (eds ). San Diego : Academic Press . Medin , D . L . & A . Ortony 1989 . Psychological essentialism . In Similarity and analogical reasoning . S. Vosniadou & A . Ortony (eds ), 179- 95 . : Cambridge University Press . Medin , D . L . & M . M . Schaffer 1978 . Context theory of classification learning .
G. Murphy & Allopenna 1994, Wattenmaker et ale 1986, Wattenmaker 1995). g. has thick walls , keeps fish as pets, made in Africa , and has a barbed tail ). It makes sense that people learning about new vehicles could use previous knowledge about vehicles as a starting point (an integration process) as well as more easily focus on relevant information (a selective weighting process). In contrast , these processes would not help in learning about nonsensical or completely unfamiliar categories . More generally , integration and selective weighting processes are two possible underlying explanations for why people might show knowledge -related facilitation in learning about categories (for additional possible explanations , see Murphy & Allopenna 1994).
L . & A . Ortony 1989 . Psychological essentialism . In Similarity and analogical reasoning . S. Vosniadou & A . Ortony (eds ), 179- 95 . : Cambridge University Press . Medin , D . L . & M . M . Schaffer 1978 . Context theory of classification learning . Psychological Review 85 , 207 - 38 . Medin , D . L . & P. J . Schwanenflugel1981 . Linear separability in classification learning . ' Human Learning and Memory 7 , 355 - 68 . Medin , D . , W . D . Wattenmaker , S. E . Hampson 1987 . Family resemblance , conceptual cohesiveness, and category construction .