Download Laboratory Diagnosis of Infectious Diseases: Essentials of by Paul G. Engelkirk PDF

By Paul G. Engelkirk

Designed for associate-degree MLT/CLT courses and baccalaureate MT/CLS courses, this textbook provides the necessities of medical microbiology. It offers balanced insurance of particular teams of microorganisms and the work-up of scientific specimens through organ method, and in addition discusses the function of the microbiology laboratory in regard to rising infections, healthcare epidemiology, and bioterrorism. medical case experiences and self-assessment questions exhibit how one can comprise the data into daily perform. greater than four hundred illustrations and visible info monitors increase the textual content. necessities packing containers, bankruptcy outlines, keywords, summaries, and different research aids aid scholars keep details. A bound-in CD-ROM contains extra overview questions, case reviews, and internet hyperlinks.

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Example text

The two most important categories of phagocytes in the human body (referred to as professional phagocytes) are macrophages and neutrophils. , lysozyme, proteases, lipases, DNAse, RNAse, myeloperoxidase), hydrogen peroxide, superoxide anions, and other mechanisms. However, some pathogens are able to survive and multiply within phagocytes after being ingested (Table 2-5). Some pathogens (such as the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis) have a cell wall composition that resists digestion. Waxes in mycobacterial cell walls protect the organisms from digestion.

Pathogens are often spread via the hands of health care workers. Health care personnel must take great care to prevent transmission of pathogens from living and nonliving reservoirs to hospitalized patients. MODES OF TRANSMISSION Health care professionals must be thoroughly familiar with the sources (reservoirs) of potential pathogens and pathways for their transfer. A hospital staphylococcal epidemic may begin when aseptic conditions are relaxed and a Staphylococcus aureus carrier transmits the bacterial pathogen to susceptible patients, such as babies, surgical patients, or debilitated persons.

Pneumoniae (Fig. 2-6), Klebsiella pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae, and Neisseria meningitidis. The capsule of the yeast Cryptococcus neoformans is also considered to be a virulence factor. ” Bacterial flagella are considered virulence factors because they enable flagellated (motile) bacteria to Figure 2-6. Photomicrograph of Streptococcus pneumoniae type 1. The capsules have been treated with a specific antibody to enhance their visibility; this is known as a Quellung reaction. The Quellung reaction is rarely performed in today’s clinical microbiology laboratories.

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