Download Libraries and Archives. A Comparative Study by Tomas Lidman PDF

By Tomas Lidman

Libraries and files analyses the proof and arguments in the back of an expanding debate as to what quantity libraries and files are gratifying an identical missions. although they've got assorted felony statuses, felony frameworks, and the work-flow appears to be like very varied, a few politicians and bureaucrats imagine that there's a lot to realize if the 2 associations paintings heavily jointly or perhaps merge. to appreciate the current state of affairs you will need to understand the position of libraries and data and their shared historical past. for that reason the advance as much as the current day is analysed within the first chapters of the e-book. The ebook stimulates debate and brings forth invaluable evidence concerning the subject. the focus is on nationwide libraries and nationwide and nearby data from a global aspect of view.

  • Offers an easy yet accomplished heritage to give an explanation for key matters in the back of the present debate
  • Provides librarians and archivists with arguments
  • The writer has greater than forty years adventure at the nationwide and foreign archive and library scene

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The authors were afraid that their recommendations might be boring and too exacting, and hoped they would not receive too much criticism. However, just a few years later, most Western countries had adopted the idea (Saxenius, 2006). 47 Libraries and Archives Cataloguing, or how to describe the physical objects? Classification is one side of describing a piece of information which is closely related to the theory of sciences and philosophy: human knowledge must be systematically organised in groups that are related to one another in some way in order to help us to understand our environment and our lives.

Both these bibliographic scientists 41 Libraries and Archives were forerunners to Melvil Dewey, who invented the influential Dewey Decimal Classification (DDC) system in the 1870s. His systematic thinking was first published in 1876. It is based on the principle of decimal fractions as class marks, which are infinitely expandable for further subdivision of any existing class. However, something also has to be said about the person who achieved this milestone in library science. Melvil Dewey was born in New York in 1851.

Their content became important tools in peace treaties and to legitimise governments’ and kings’ ambitions. In Europe, legal scholars began consulting ancient legal archives to develop systems of law. People were therefore counted and registered as never before. Despite being weakened through the Reformation, the Church still often played an important part in this development. Church books were drawn up where marriages, births and deaths were registered, and local governors were given the task of drawing up census registers for economic purposes and for military purposes in military roles.

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