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By Quan Li

The chemistry, physics, and purposes of liquid crystals beyond LCDs

Liquid Crystals (LCs) mix order and mobility on a molecular and supramolecular point. yet whereas those awesome states of topic are most ordinarily linked to visible reveal applied sciences, they've got vital functions for various different fields besides. Liquid Crystals past screens: Chemistry, Physics, and Applications considers those, bringing jointly state of the art learn from probably the most promising parts of LC science.

Featuring contributions from revered researchers from all over the world, this edited quantity emphasizes the chemistry, physics, and functions of LCs in parts akin to photovoltaics, light-emitting diodes, filed-effect transistors, lasers, molecular cars, nanophotonics and biosensors. particular chapters examine magnetic LCs, lyotropic chromonic LCs, LC-based chemical sensors, LCs in metamaterials, and masses more.

Introducing readers to the basics of LC technology by utilizing illustrative examples, Liquid Crystals past Displays covers not just the latest study within the myriad components within which LCs are being applied, but in addition appears to be like forward, addressing capability destiny advancements. Designed for physicists, chemists, engineers, and biologists operating in academia or undefined, in addition to graduate scholars focusing on LC expertise, this can be the 1st e-book to think about LC purposes throughout a variety of fields.

Content:
Chapter 1 Liquid Crystal Lasers (pages 1–27): Hideo Takezoe
Chapter 2 Self?Organized Semiconducting Discotic Liquid Crystals for Optoelectronic purposes (pages 29–82): Chenming Xue and Quan Li
Chapter three Magnetic Liquid Crystals (pages 83–110): Rui Tamura, Yoshiaki Uchida and Katsuaki Suzuki
Chapter four Ferroelectric Liquid Crystals for Nonlinear Optical functions (pages 111–156): Yongqiang Zhang and Jesus Etxebarria
Chapter five Photo?Stimulated section variations in Liquid Crystals and Their Non?Display functions (pages 157–211): C. V. Yelamaggad, S. Krishna Prasad and Quan Li
Chapter 6 Light?Driven Chiral Molecular Switches or cars in Liquid Crystal Media (pages 213–249): Yan Wang and Quan Li
Chapter 7 Liquid Crystal?Functionalized Nano? and Microfibers Produced by means of Electrospinning (pages 251–284): Jan P. F. Lagerwall
Chapter eight practical Liquid Crystalline Block Copolymers: Order Meets Self?Assembled Nanostructures (pages 285–301): Xia Tong and Yue Zhao
Chapter nine Semiconducting functions of Polymerizable Liquid Crystals (pages 303–339): Mary O’Neill and Stephen M. Kelly
Chapter 10 Liquid Crystals of Carbon Nanotubes and Carbon Nanotubes in Liquid Crystals (pages 341–378): Giusy Scalia
Chapter eleven Liquid Crystals in Metamaterials (pages 379–402): Augustine M. Urbas and Dean P. Brown
Chapter 12 Ferroelectric Colloids in Liquid Crystals (pages 403–426): Yuriy Reznikov
Chapter thirteen truth or Fiction: Cybotactic teams within the Nematic section of Bent center Mesogens (pages 427–448): Bharat R. Acharya and Satyendra Kumar
Chapter 14 Lyotropic Chromonic Liquid Crystals: rising purposes (pages 449–484): Heung?Shik Park and Oleg D. Lavrentovich
Chapter 15 Liquid Crystal?Based Chemical Sensors (pages 485–504): Jacob T. Hunter and Nicholas L. Abbott
Chapter sixteen Polymer Stabilized Cholesteric Liquid Crystal for Switchable home windows (pages 505–523): Deng?Ke Yang
Chapter 17 Liquid Crystals for Nanophotonics (pages 525–567): Timothy D. Wilkinson and R. Rajesekharan

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Additional resources for Liquid Crystals Beyond Displays: Chemistry, Physics, and Applications

Sample text

The particular two-dimensional chemical structure of discotic molecules brings new features. First of all, within columns the adjacent disc-like molecules have a much larger orbital overlap than calamitics. 1 eV, close to that of graphite (ca. 4 eV) [10]. 3 cm2 VÀ1 sÀ1 [11–14]. Thirdly, in the discotic columnar mesophase, the exciton diffusion length in discotics is able to exceed 70 nm [15], which is much higher than that of most conventional conjugated polymers (ca. 10–20 nm). In this chapter, progress in the research field of DLC materials is comprehensively outlined.

56 mm thick), simultaneous RGB lasing was achieved [69]. The same dye system as in Ref. 63 was used: coumarin and DCM. The excitation wavelength was 420 nm corresponding to the absorption peak of coumarin. 18 (a) Multistacked structures of CLC and PVA layers. (b) Experimental (upper) and simulated (lower) reflection spectra in four different multilayered cells [78]. 19 Multiple lasing emission spectra under different excitation powers. A reflection spectrum is also shown [78]. the pumping energy results in lasing at 508 nm (greenish, G) and 488 nm (bluish, B), and finally simultaneous RGB lasing emissions including 595 nm (reddish, R) light.

Schmidtke and W. Stille. Fluorescence of a dye-doped cholesteric liquid crystal film in the region of the stop band: theory and experiment. Eur. Phys. J. B 2003, 31, 179–194. 17. E. Yablonovitch, T. J. Gmitter, R. D. Meade, A. M. Rappe, K. K. Brommer, and J. D. Joannopoulos. Donor and acceptor modes in photonic band structure. Phys. Rev. Lett. 1991, 67, 3380–3383. 18. R. Ozaki, T. Matsui, M. Ozaki, and K. Yoshino. Electrically color-tunable defect mode lasing in one-dimensional photonic-band-gap system containing liquid crystal.

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