By Oliver Som, Eva Kirner
This e-book highlights the industrial relevance of the so-called low-tech industries and companies. Non R&D in depth organisations stay the commercial spine of numerous built commercial nations. They shape the center of nationwide Innovation platforms and give a contribution considerably to progress and employment. even though, as a result of their loss of R&D job, they're simply missed within the normal innovation debate. This ebook presents newest empirical findings at the present fiscal relevance and particular innovation recommendations and administration of non-R&D in depth corporations in Germany. It discusses their destiny position in an information pushed economic system in addition to attainable implications for innovation and know-how coverage. An end result of numerous years of devoted learn carried out on the Fraunhofer Institute for structures and Innovation learn (ISI), this e-book will turn out of tremendous price to researchers and coverage makers facing innovation and information strategy.
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Extra resources for Low-tech Innovation: Competitiveness of the German Manufacturing Sector
Among the non-R&Dintensive industry sectors, the effects are relatively strong for printing (approximately 10,100), fabricated metals (approximately 6,350) and publishing (approximately 5,950). In those sectors, which have widely conducted outsourcing and 3 Economic Relevance and the Future Potential of Non-R&D-Intensive Industries Service sectors 14,300 Non-R&D-intensive industry sectors 4,050 R&D-intensive industry sectors 2,450 0 4,650 3,450 4,000 direct 4,600 43 18,900 8,700 5,900 8,000 12,000 16,000 20,000 indirect Fig.
These simplifications often lead to overexpectations for the effects concerned. The possibility of those counterarguments and effects cannot be eliminated completely, but simulating the marginal effects of a 1 billion euro change renders these limitations as less severe: potential shortages on the supply side that lead to, for example, increasing prices are unlikely for such a small change in demand. Moreover, at least during times of economic crisis or slow growth, the supply of goods and labour is more elastic than usual.
Sectoral patterns of technical change: Towards a taxonomy and a theory. Research Policy, 13, 343–373. Potters, L. (2009). 08/2009. Joint Research Centre – Institute for Prospective Technological Studies. Office for Official Publications of the European Communities. Luxembourg. , Som, O. (2011). Innovationen ohne Forschung und Entwicklung. Studien zum deutschen Innovationssystem Nr. 15-2011. Hannover/Karlsruhe. Robertson, P. , & Patel, P. (2007). New wine in old bottles: Technological diffusion in developed economies.