Download Manchurian Railways and the Opening of China: An by Bruce Elleman, Stephen Kotkin PDF

By Bruce Elleman, Stephen Kotkin

The fight for keep an eye on of the railways of Manchuria through the first a part of the 20 th century presents an exciting vantage element for a world heritage of northeast Asia, in addition to perception at the critcal function of the railways at the present time in plans for the improvement of China's carefully populated inside. This quantity

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On 8 February 1904, Japan started the Russo-Japanese War by making a surprise attack on the Russian fleet in Lüshun (better known as the siege of Port Arthur). When the hostilities began, much of the extensive damage to the Manchurian THE CHINESE EASTERN RAILWAY 25 railway system incurred during the Boxer Rebellion remained unrepaired, the Trans-Siberian Railway remained to be double-tracked, and the link around Lake Baikal remained unfinished; “Lake” is in some ways is a misnomer because Lake Baikal approximates the size of Switzerland.

68. Mark Mancall, “Russia and China: the Structure of Contact,” in Russia and Asi, ed. Wayne S. Vucinich, Hoover Institution Publications 107 (Stanford: Hoover Institution Press, 1972), 327–8. THE CHINESE EASTERN RAILWAY 33 69. B. D. , Vol. 1 (New York: E. P. Dutton and Company, 1909), 154–5. 70. 2–9, Vol. 1, 25. 71. William C. Fuller, Civil-Military Conflict in Imperial Russia 1881–1914 (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1985), 56. 72. Lensen, Korea and Manchuria, 130–155; Romanov, Russia in Manchuria, 200.

Once hostilities broke out and the British threatened to send troops into Beijing to protect the foreign legations besieged since 4 June 1900, the Boxers received the official support of the Empress Dowager herself. 60 At first the Russians did not feel threatened by the Boxer movement, since they regarded it as a response to foreign missionary and commercial activities, neither of which particularly concerned them. 61 When the unrest spread to Manchuria, however, Russian attitudes changed. The Boxers’ military strategy in Manchuria entailed cutting railway lines to stop hostile troop movements.

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